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EA9IE Ceuta and Melilla flag Ceuta and Melilla

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GREETINGS FROM CEUTA - NORTH AFRICA

 

Please use the new address aboved mentioned.   

The post office box 410 is cancelled.  Thank you.

 

 

Spirit of the day: The Radio Amateur is Balanced

(The radio is an avocation, never interfering with duties owed to family, job, school or community)

 

 

QSL ONLY DIRECT OR LoTW         NO BURO! any way, please

(For direct request, include postage and self addressed enveloppe, please)

 

This page is under construction, but you may have a look at it.

 

My ham radio log contains 271.510 QSOs from  July 30th 1979  through  November 6th 2015

Check your callsign in my log:

If by any chance you don't find your callsign in my logbook or in LoTW and you think it may be my mistake, please send to me an e mail with that incidence.

I use to confirm the direct requests in one or two weeks and for LoTW I upload the qsos in the same week.

 

BRIEF HISTORY AND PICTURES OF MY LIFE AS RADIO HAM

Thirty-three years after making my first QSO, I decided to build this page with photos and comments about some of my experiences in this exciting world of amateur radio. In addition, after twenty-two years of qsos, international contests, DXpeditions and DX, I decided to write a book about these activities. The book entitled “DX and DXers” is based on my knowledge and experiences with radio amateur practices and techniquesin the qsos.

The book is simple enough so that a novice could understand it and also sophisticated enough so that experienced operators will find useful information to apply to their contact techniques. I already have abandoned my competitive participation in the major international contests after winning many of them. Although still very active, I’ve taken a more leisurely approach and without the self imposed pressure to try to win. I am also continuing my on-air activity,working pile ups, and every day increasing the number of QSOs in my log.

Of course, I still follow the DXpeditions with the hope of contacting an Entity that I may be missing for a particular band. My preferred transmission mode on radio has been and continues to be SSB. I have worked in other modes but my records for the DXCC awards are all SSB contacts.

As of today, these are my results:

BANDS

160

80

40

20

17

15

12

10

TOTALS

ENTITIES WORKED SSB

91

307

321

338

313

334

275

310

341

ENTITIES CONFIRMED SSB

85

303

317

334

301

330

261

303

341

 

 

 

TRAVELLING AROUND THE WORLD

106  DXCC  ENTITIES  VISITED


In addition to the radio, some of my passions are art and travel. As of today the DXCC Entities I visited are 107.

 The 111 DXCC Entities I have visited are, by prefix:

1A, 3A, 3W, 4O, 4S, 4U1UN, 4U1ITU, 4X, 5B, 5H, 5R, 5Z, 6Y, 9A, 9H, 9J, A6, A7, BY, C3, CE, CE9E, CN, CO, CP, CT, CT3, CU, CX, DL, E4, E7, EA, EA6, EA8, EA9, EI, ES, EU, F, FO, G, GD, GI, GM, GW, HA, HB, HB0, HL, HS, HV, I, JA, K, KH6, KL7, LA, LU, LX, LY, OA, OE, OH, OH0, OJ0, OK, OM, ON, OZ, PA, PY, S0, S5, SM, SP, ST, SU, SV, SV/A, SV5, SV9, T7, TA, TF, TG, TI, TK, UA, UA2F, VE, VR2, VU, XE, XU, XV, XW, XZ, YB, YL, YO, YU, YV, Z2, Z3, ZB2, ZC4, ZF, ZP, ZS and Antartica.

You will find some photos of these trips at the end of this page.

 

 

WHERE IS EA9?

In the satellite photo, you can see the south of Spain, North Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea. The territory of Ceuta lies just to the south of the narrowest part of the Strait of Gibraltar.

 

 

In the satellite photo, you can see the south of Spain, the Bay of Algeciras, and North Africa with the peninsula of Ceuta.

 

 

The digital picture was created by NASA. It first shows the Atlantic Ocean, the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea. In the left part of the picture you can see the south of Spain EA7, the Bay of Algeciras and the rock of Gibraltar ZB2, which is on the other side of the Bay. On the right of the picture, you can see Morocco CN and the peninsula of Ceuta EA9.

 

 

The photo  was taken from Andalusia EA7, and it first shows the cities of Algeciras on the right and the La Linea borderline to the left, bordered and followed by the territory of Gibraltar ZB2. The Bay of Algeciras is located in the center of the photo. Behind the bay are the waters of the Strait of Gibraltar and in the background is the Ceuta peninsula and the territory of north Morocco. 

 

 

The neighboring territories of the Strait of Gibraltar can be seen on the map. At the top is the south of Spain, EA7, Andalusia and Gibraltar ZB2. At the bottom of the map, beyond the Strait of Gibraltar, is the north of Morocco CN and Ceuta EA9.

 

In the photo  one can see how the territory of Ceuta goes to the mountains in the background. The mountains are part of Morocco. The area of Ceuta is 22 square kilometers and the distance that separates Ceuta from mainland Spain is 35 kilometers.

 

 

July 1979: my first qso and Godfather in radio, EA9AX

My radio amateur license with the call sign EA9IE was granted to me at the beginning of July 1979 during my summer holidays on the mainland.

Returning home at the end of July, I made my first contact on the amateur radio bands. I had the honor of having my first qso with the Rev. Francisco Muñoz de Arenillas, EA9AX, the dean of the radio amateurs of Ceuta.


In the year 2000, I was chosen as the Minister of Public Administration for the Government of the Autonomous City of Ceuta and I proposed to the Parliament the awarding of the Gold Medal of Ceuta to the Rev. Muñoz de Arenillas EA9AX, and had the great honor of making the presentation speech of the Gold Medal to him for all his contributions and accomplishments over the years to the poor people.

 

 

1979. My first trophy as radio amateur

Only a few months after getting my call sign, I participated in a fox hunt on 2 meters and received my first trophy. It was a great feeling and I will treasure this trophy always.

Local meetings, like the one we are having, were sponsored primarily by the regional and local governments and occasionally by neighboring radio amateurs who were visiting. At that time, the meetings were very common. Unfortunately, these gatherings are no longer being held in Ceuta.

 

 

Livia & Patricia, my twin daughters were born on May 12th, 1979

My twin daughters came a few months after getting my first license EA9IE. And also the last license because at that time in Ceuta and Melilla the license was for an unique category.

Livia and Patricia raised very well, ate and slept extremely well and that allowed me to do quite radio in his early life, without neglecting my role of father or my job. On those days my activity in the radio was frantic, fighting in DX and Contests.

 

 

 

December 1979 . The month of December is a month of friends and celebrations. In the photo  a group of radio amateurs from Ceuta celebrate the delivery of radio amateur licenses to General Polanco. 

 

 

APRIL 16TH, 1980. QSO WITH HIS MAJESTY HUSSEIN 1, KING OF JORDAN, JY1

I remember that night in April as though it was today. It was already midnight and I had a tremendous pile up of North American stations on 20 meters. Suddenly, with an extraordinary signal, I heard " JY1, JY1". I answered the call and asked the caller to complete his suffix. He said he did not have a suffix and JY1 is his call sign. While giving him my name, location and his signal report, I looked up his call sign in the callbook (then qrz.com did not exist) and I found that JY1 was His Majesty Hussein I, King of Jordan. My heart was pounding.

During our conversation, he indicated to me that his name was Hussein, he lives in Jordan, and that my signal was very good. I improved my signal by reorienting the antenna towards the East. Our qso lasted a little more than 10 minutes. In that time, JY1 never mentioned anything about his status but he did tell me that he came to Spain often, specifically to the Canary Islands where he had a house. He spoke to me of his children, of his country and asked me about my family, my daughters, how difficult was it to raise twin daughters under a year old, my professional situation, etc.


He told me that he knew the status of Ceuta and Melilla was being threatened by the regional political situation. In his last remarks, he indicated to me that he knew the King of Spain Juan Carlos I personally, and who he repeatedly told about being a radio amateur. He left with the Muslim style of courtesy and politeness and he hoped we would talk again on some other band. Without a doubt, that was one of the best moments I have ever had in my long life as radio amateur. It was with great sadness that I learned, some years later, of the news of his death. Rest in Peace, JY1.

 

 

 

 

 

Summer Fair in Estepona 1981

Summer in Spain is time for beach, sun, festivals and fairs. For all peoples of my country it is customary to celebrate a fair where adults and children come to have fun, in family or with friends for several days. And in the South of Spain is the opportunity to dress our small children in the image of the elderly, in their suits Flamenco as it is the case of Livia and Patricia at 25 months old.

 

 

 

1981, May       -     My QSO # 50.000

My twin daughters arrived at the same time as my ham radio license and callsign. This photo in May coinsides with my QSO number 50.000.  At this time, my station consisted of a Kenwood TS-820S transceiver, a Kenwood TL-922 amplifier, and the TH3-MK3 three element yagi antenna along with half-wave dipoles for 40 and 80 meters.

 

 

 

Summer holidays 1981 in the U.S.A.

This year I took my summer vacation across the east coast of the United States from the border of Canada to the keys of Florida, visiting the large coastal cities , the ARRL Headquarters and the famous theme parks of Florida. In the north, I had the opportunity to visit Niagara Falls, and the DXpeditioner Ken Palmer K2FJ, who had visited me the year before on his way to Gibraltar for a DXpedition as ZB2G.

 

 

VACATIONS IN THE EAST COAST OF THE USA FROM NIAGARA FALLS TO KEY WEST

In this photo I am with a friendly group from the Northern New Jersey DX Association with whom I continually share a network frequency on Saturday evenings to work stations of the Caribbean. Among them are my two close friends Ed WA2CBB and Ted W2MIG who was a prominent DXQSL manager (now a silent key).



1982 FEBRUARY. We had a visit from three Americans for several days: John Mason KA3V, Don Simmonds K5BDX and his wife Brenda. They stayed for a few days working mainly CW from my shack.Sorry but no picture of that visit.

 

 

1982. ANNUAL DX CONVENTION IN SPAIN

At the beginning of the 80's not many radio amateurs in Spain were participating in contesting or DXing. This made it easy to find a quality hotel in a convenient location so that a small radio amateur meeting could be held to share experiences, discuss pile ups, DXpeditions, contests and the latest in technology. In 1982, a meeting of around 40 radio amateurs was held in Murcia, a coastal southern Spanish city. This picture shows some of the participants minutes before departing for home.

 

 

7 bands phone DXCC plaque

 

 

5 bands WAS phone plaque

 

 

1982. It was a great year. Three years after getting my license, I won some of the most prestigious and major international contests. The ARRL also presented to me the plate 5B WAS # 1117 that recognizes 50 states worked in each one of the 5 classic bands in SSB, and the plate 5B DXCC # 1270 that recognizes 100 entities of the DXCC worked in each one of the 5 classic bands. Later I endorsed both plates for 12 and 17 meters.

 

 

Livia & Patricia growing up

 

 

 

1982 & 1983. Radio amateur activities with fellows from Ceuta and Melilla

Melilla and Ceuta are two Spanish cities located in North Africa. Although far from one of another, that has not hindered joint radio activities with amateurs from both cities. The above photo is the end of the CQWW SSB of 1982 that was held in Melilla (I'm the second from the right).


The next photo shows the amateurs who participated in the first DXpedition to the island of Alborán (I am the first one on the right).

 

 

 

ARRL INTERNATIONAL DX CONTEST  1983. In this up photo, I ascend the stairs that lead me 25 meters up the tower to place the TH6DXX which we used for the high bands.

ARRL DX CONTEST AS ED9EA

March and October are the months when the large international phone contests are held. For the 1983 ARRL SSB Contest, I leadered a group of amateurs from Ceuta and set up a station at the local football stadium using the call sign ED9EA.

CQWW DX SSB CONTEST was another great opportunity for radio amateurs from Ceuta and Melilla to meet again and participate in the World Championship of amateur radio. We chose the local football stadium as the base of operations for our station facilities and the lighting towers of the stadium as the location for our antennas. To erect our antennas, we had the invaluable help of the firefighters of Ceuta. The photo  shows a group of operators before the start of the contest. I'm the second on the left.

 

 

I extend the shack and my friends

My twin daughters were growing and so was the shack. The number of QSOs, awards and contest winning was increasing. It was time to expand the station as illustrated in this two photos. It was also time to upgrade my antenna to a KLM four element (KT-34A). My circle of friends was increasing. Martti Laine OH23BH, his wife Leena OH2BE and their daughter Petrita visited us for the first time in the spring of 1983 and it was the beginning of an extraordinary friendship between our two families.

 

 

 

 MY TWINS DAUGHTERS:   My twin daughters before they go to bed.

 

 

1984. MOVING TO A BETTER PLACE IN MY APPARTEMENT

At the end of this year I made several renovations to my house. This was needed so that I could expand the space in my shack in order to accommodate my participation in future international contests and hopefully to win some. I needed two work positions for two contest stations and some additional space to make it comfortable to work in the shack

 

 

 

This year -1984-  was the culmination of one of my long-range objectives when I first became a radio amateur. I earned the coveted CQ WAZ Award for phone contacts in 40 zones in each of the 5 primary HF bands. I was elated, especially since it took me 2 years to work zone 26 on 80 meters.

 

 

1985 was one of the best years of my life as a radio amateur for international contests. In that year, I became Champion of the World in the category of Single Operator All Band with a score higher than 8 million points which is an amazing record.

 

 

 

Livia and Patricia during the Carnival

 

 

 

K6EID and his wife 

1985. Phil K6EID and his wife visited me during this summer and he made a lot of qsoss during the three days of his visit. We had a nice time during those days.

 

 

World Fishing Exhibition
This year the city of Vigo, in northern Spain, held the World Fishing Exhibition (WFE) and a world contest was organized by the local radio amateurs sponsored by WFE. I got the "Top World" in this contest. My reward was an attractive trophy, a visit to the Exhibition and the friendship of Vigo's radio amateurs.

 

 

 

Congratulations and present received from his Majesty Juan Carlos I ,King of Spain EA0JC

His Majesty the King of Spain is the first radio ham of Spain and his call sign is EA0JC.

After the publication of the results of WPX SSB Contest of 1985, His Majesty the King had the grace to send his warmest congratulations to me for winning the contest and he also sent this dedicated picture to me, where His Majesty, the King of Spain (EA0JC), appears operating his station. Thanks, Your Majesty.

 

 

 

1985 WORLD WIDE CW CONTEST. TOP WORLD SINGLE OPERATOR ALL BAND

Great competitors and champions have operated from my shack winning important international contests. Dick Norton N6AA visited in November of 1985 to participate in the Championship of the World of CW. Dick was able to win the Champion of the World as Single Operator All Band despite an interruption of power of more than one hour. Congratulations, Dick!

 

 

 

1986 was a year of travel. In the winter we traveled by Morocco from the North to the South of the country. Livia and Patricia had the opportunity to know the difficulties that a camel hast to stand up.

 

 

In summer it was my first attendance at a great dxpedición, in this case, to Market Reef OJ0, accompanying a few consecrated dxers such as Wayne W6EUF, Baldur DJ6SI, Dave K8MN and Marti OH2BH to OJ0 land.

 

 

 

1986. My radio activity has essentially been from my home. However there have been several occasions when I had the opportunity to operate from some rare entities of the DXCC list. In the photo to the right, you can see me with a group of OH0 hams in Marienham, Aland Islands, a few days before sailing to Market Reef (OJ0).

 

 

 

1986 CQWW DX CONTEST CW SOAB

My friendship with Martti Laine OH2BH and his family has lasted a number of years. During that time, we have visited them on vacation and for on-the-air activities, particularly the contests. For the 1986 CQWW CW, Martti won second place, world wide single operator all band. This was done from my shack and using my XYL's call sign EA9AM.

 

 

 

1987. Meeting top DXers, contesters & DXpeditioners

Throughout the years, I have had many radio amateurs visit my home. Many of them came to participate in some of the most important international contests. I have also had the pleasure of meeting many great operators of our hobby on vacation or through my career. These pictures is of Don Riebhoff XV5AC and his XYL Ann Griesse N4KEV as they arrive on Ceuta for a visit to my home. Don was one of the top DXpeditioners in the 1960's and 1970's.


The other  is with Kan Mizogouchi JA1BK, who I had the pleasure of meeting in Tokyo during one of my business trips.

 

 

 

1987. ONCE AGAIN TOP WORLD SINGLE OPERATOR ALL BAND WPX SSB

Two years after becoming Champion of the World in the category of Single Operator All Band in the 1985 CQWPX SSB contest, I returned in the 1987 CQWPX SSB contest to repeat and reclaim the same title reaching almost thirteen million points which was supposed to be a new record at that time. Again my great competitor was my dear friend Carl Cook from his beautiful island and powerful station on Aruba (P40V).

As in the past 1985 triumph, my strategy was to concentrate my contact activity in the 40 and 80 meter bands. This was to overcome my handicap of working the high bands with a triband antenna instead of monobands that my competitors were using.

 

 

1987. QSO 100.000

In November of 1987, after 8 years of activity on the bands, I made my 100,000th contact. The contact was with my great friend and companion Fernando EA3SF with whom I shared numerous hours on 40 and 80 meters. During our sunrises, we worked innumerable stations of the Pacific and North America on these bands. For this occasion, I presented Fernando EA3SF with this plate as confirmation of the contact. Thanks, dear Fernando, where ever you are.

 

 

 

1987, SEPTEMBER. COVER OF CQ RADIO AMATEUR

The Spanish edition of the prestigious magazine CQ Radio Amateur, published by Boixerau Editors, decided to dedicate the cover of their magazine to me in their September 1987 edition with a photo of me operating my radio station. This distinction was an honor only six years after beginning my radio amateur hobby. It was a great feeling to know that this magazine, with my photo on the cover, would be distributed in Spain and the Hispanic speaking world. The Director and Council of CQ Radio Amateur have my gratitude for honoring me in this way.

 

 

 

BIRTH OF S0RASD WESTERN SAHARA

When I was President of the Lynx DX Group, we worked hard to put the territory of Western Sahara on the air and to ensure that this country was included in the DXCC list of entities. We took work that had previously been done and completed it at the International Convention held in Andorra with some of the most renown DXers. The DXpedition to Western Sahara, which Martti OH2BH had also joined, was successful in seeing the birth of a new country for radio amateurs.

Several months later, we saw our efforts rewarded with the inclusion of the RASD in the DXCC list of entities . Many people worked on this project but I have to give special mention to our leader in this endeavor, Arseli EA2JG and the super job of Martti OH2BH.

 

 

 

1987. CONTEST WINNERS PLAQUES

My participation in the largest radio amateur international contests was not only personally satisfying and with wonderful moments, but I was also able to score very high and win several of the contests. I received a good number of plaques as recognition. At the end of 1987, a good portion of my wall was covered with trophies gained in these international contests.

 

 

 

1988 TRIP TO VISALIA & DAYTON

After the success of our operation in the Sahara, time had arrived for presentations at the largest world-wide radio amateur conventions, Dayton and Visalia. Our club planned an organized trip where a number of Spanish representatives would display the work carried out in that DXpedition. Sadly, at the last minute, after significant preparations had been done, none of the Spanish group was able to attend. So I had to travel alone and I joined the group of Finnish amateurs with which I appear in this photo at the entrance of Ham Outlet Radio in San Francisco, California.

 

 

1988. DAYTON CONVENTION. VP2ML, P40V & EA9IE

In the 80's, three amateurs -Chod VP2ML, Carl P40V & Juan EA9IE- alternatively competed with passion and determination to win first place in WPX SSB SINGLE OPERATOR ALL BAND. In 1988, we all met at the Convention in Dayton. The photo shows the three of us at the podium, VP2ML on the left, P40V in the center, and EA9IE on the right. I was able to win in the years 1985 and 1987, and came in second or third in other years.

 

 

 

1988. VISALIA & DAYTON CONVENTION. PRESENTATION OF S0RASD

The honor was given to me to present our operation in Western Sahara (S0RASD) and the birth of this territory in the DXCC list. The presentations were given at the two largest conventions of radio amateurs in the world held in the United States.

These were very important moments for Spanish radio amateurs, for our Club, for me personally and for my life as a radio amateur. With this presentation, Spanish radio amateurs showed they were responsible for the birth of a new Entity and demonstrated this at the two largest conventions of the radio amateurs in the world.

This photo shows my presentation speech in the hall at Visalia, California and the other photo shows my speech in the Dayton Forum.

The largest international radio amateur conventions have the participation of DXers, contesters and DXpeditioners from all over the world. It's a great chance to get to meet them and to chat on their future activities. These photos show events from Dayton in 1988. In these photos , I'm at the presidential table with Iris and Lloyd Colvin, Founders of Yasme Foundation, and Martti Laine OH2BH.

 

 

 

In the photo, I'm having dinner with some world renown DXers including Rusty W6OAT, President of the Northern California DX Foundation, and Martti OH2BH.

 

 

With the Portuguese DXers

 

 

At the convention, these photos were taken of me with Jim Neiger N6TJ, and with Franz Langer DJ9ZB and Marita.

 

 

 

With my Finnish friends Pekka and Jarmo and with Joe Arcure W3HNK, best known for his world-wide DX activities as a QSL manager.

 

 

 

In the courtesy suite of the North Jersey DX Association, and  with Helen AH6GQ, one of the nice signals from Maui, Hawaii.

 

 

 

Spanish Catholics celebrate the first Holy Eucharist in a spiritual, solemn and social way. It is an event that we live with family and friends and dress our children with the best and uniques dresses. I bring these photos in memory of that event in early May, just a few days later that my come back from Visalia and Dayton, in the Unites States.

 

 

 

1988. LYNX DX CONVENTION

After the success achieved at the Conventions in Visalia and Dayton, our club (Lynx DX Group) would next present to the Spanish DXers the work carried out by the DXpedition to the Western Sahara, using call sign S0RASD, and its world-wide ramifications. In the photo  I appear with some of the Spanish DXers and in the other photo I am with Angel EA1QF and Naama S01A who is the first native operator in the Western Sahara.

 

 

 

 

 

1988. The communication ship of the Soviet Union

The spy and communication ship located behind me always fascinated me. Everybody in Ceuta knew that it was a spy ship of the Soviet Union as it traveled across the Mediterranean Sea. It would come to Ceuta two or three times a year to refuel and to give the sailors liberty for several days. It was peculiar to see the sailors leave the ship as they walked in trios and not wanting to mingle with anyone. We tried to be friendly with the ship's crewbut all of our the attempts were useless. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the ship never returned to Ceuta.

 

 

 

CANARY ISLANDS IN AUGUST

In August, I enjoyed a few days of sun and sand on the beaches of Maspalomas, Canary Islands. As I had a kind invitation from Manolo EA8ZS to visit his station in the northern part of the island, tis visit coincided with Ville OH2MM and Martti OH2BH having a a DXpedition from EA8. 

 

 

 

Summer holidays in the West Coast and attending the first WRTC 1990 in Seattle WA.

This year, 1990, my vacation took to me to the west coast of the United States, CA, NV, OR, WA , AZ and Hawaii (KH6). It was not a difficult decision to make because during this time, and for the first time ever, the World Radiosport Team Championship (WRTC) would be on the air and it would take place in Seattle, Washington state.


I also received a warm invitation from Iris and Lloyd Colvin to celebrate Independence Day in the United States on the 4th of July at their house in San Francisco, California. This was another good reason to take my vacation on the west coast.

During my vacation, I was able to meet and look up old friends such as Carl Cook P40V with whom I shared his house in Nevada city. In this picture I am with three famous DXers and judges of the WRTC 90 who had previously been operators from my home.They are: Dick Norton N6AA, Ville OH2MM and Jim Neiger N6TJ.

 

 

 

The 4th of July in the Colvin's house in San Francisco (California)

Living in an American home on the 4th of July is an extraordinary experience and living in the Colvins' home was something wonderful for a radio amateur.

Iris and Lloyd Colvin were very kind to invite us to this celebration in their home in San Francisco and there we met many of the great Californian DXers and contesters as well as seeing the files of the Yasme DX Foundation http://www.yasme.org/ and the classified qsl card collection that they had received throughout the years in their trips to more than 230 Entities of the DXCC.

With their death, the archives and files of the Yasme Foundation and the qsl card collection are now deposited in the world-wide file of radio hams in Vienna (Austria). In the photo on the left, my wife EA9AM/CN2MP and I are looking in the box with the QSL cards that we sent to the Yasme Foundation to confirm that they were received and on the right we are with the hosts and Jon EA2KL and Loli.

 

 

1990. CQWW CW CONTEST. This time it was Larry Tyree N6TR turn to come and operate from my shack for the World. Championship of CW. We were both very busy so no photos were taken of the visit.

1992 NOVEMBER. Phill N6ZZ visited me for the CQWW CW contest but once again no photos of the visit.

1993 MARCH. This time the visitor was Nil N6KT and again no photos.

 

 

 

In the later years, my holidays had no relationship with amateur radio although I did make some trips to receive some prizes and enjoy a few days with friends on the frequencies.  In the above photo, I’m accepting a trophy from the hands of Jon EA2KL and in this photo I’m with the General Manager of the DXCC, K8CH Chuck Huckintosh in another DX Convention.

 

 

 

April 1995.  The conventions of radio amateurs are like a live pile up. It's an extraordinary opportunity to find great competitors, DXers, contesters and DXpeditioners. There we find out what they did in their last operation, how was the trip, the camp, how they were operating, etc. It's also a great opportunity to chat with friends who are continuously on the HF bands with us. In this photo I join the group with Antonio CT1BH, Gerarld F2VX, Pablo F6EXV, myself, Manolo EA8ZS, Fernando EA8AK and Arseli EA2JG.

Conventions is also a good place to check qsl cards for different awards, specially for DXCC. In this case I share a relax moment with some checkers, leadered by DXCC General Manager K8CH Chuck Huckintosh.

 

 

 

 

 

Rasa YU1RL and Eduardo EA3NY in contest from my shack

In July, Rasa YU1RL came to my shack to participate as a single operator multiband in the IARU HF Contest .

In March, Eduardo EA3NY visited me to participate in the WPX SSB Contest. Even though a strong storm made it difficult to sail through the Straits of Gibraltar, it was not enough to stop Eduardo from winning the Champion for Single All Band (SOAB) using my XYL's call sign EA9AM.

 

 

 

VERONICA & MARTINO AT HOME

At the beginning of January, I was visited by two great and young Italian DXpeditionaries, Veronica IK3ZGW and Martino IK3RIY. I found that they were enthusiastic people in love with DX and DXpeditions and two tremendous operators. The time I spent with them was very enjoyable. Some time later, I had the opportunity to visit them and be their guest in Venice. I hope that some day they will again be able to return to Ceuta.

 

 

WITH FRANK TG9NX IN GUATEMALA CITY
In the spring of 1996, I visited Mexico and Guatemala, two countries known for their Mayan culture and heritage. I had marked them as a tourist attraction with no intent of radio activity. The absence of the radio was not an obstacle to share a dinner with Franco Capuano TG9NX in Guatemala City. Every morning Frank was always on 80 meters SSB while I was in action with Fernando EA3SF calling to the Pacific and the western coast of the USA.

 

 

 

Second International Radio Amateur DX Conference in Andorra

I still had the memory of the first International Conference that I organized in Andorra in 1986 where all the planning and logistics of the our club's DXpedition were discussed and completed and later were used at S0RASD. The Andorran radio amateurs organized this Second International Conference with a high number of participants and open communications. In the picture, I am seated with a group including Xavier C31LD , Franz DJ9ZB, Ulli DK2OC and Jose EA3VY.

 

 

At the second International Conference of Radio Amateurs held in Andorra, I had the opportunity to visit the home of my friend Xavier C31LD with who I appear in the photo in his shack.

 

 

 

Venezian' pile up

This summer my holidays took me to the north of Italy, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. I enjoyed a few days in Venice at the hospitality of Veronica IK3ZGW and Martino IK3RIY, who had visited me a few months earlier in Ceuta. The photo is a Venezian's pile up. Thank you guys!.

 

 

1996 July. Ray N6DKP and his wife Marel came to my home for a short visit on July 17th, but no picture again.

 

 

 

1996. DXCC FIELD REPRESENTATIVE

In 1996, the ARRL decided to internationalize the verification of QSL cards for the DXCC award and for other awards such as the WAS. After correspondence procedures had been agreed upon with the various National Associations selected to join this work, the initial European nations were selected and Spain was one of the first to participate in the QSL verification process

Chuck Huckintosh K8CH was the person in charge of a large part of this program. Chuck's vision was to have the ARRL equipped with control methods to handle the cards smoothly knowing how important the cards were to the radio amateurs of the world. He didn't want to have the cards sent to the United States which could result in loss or damage to the cards. Rather, procedures were set up where by QSL cards were checked and verified by recognized specialists and DXers in each of their respective countries, either at the National Association or at times of trips, events, conventions or radio amateur activities.

I had the honor of being elected as one of the four DXCC Field Representative from Spain. I did this work with pride and dedication in order to show my deep gratitude to the Authorities of the ARRL and the DXCC.

 

 

1997. MY SHAK STILL GROWING UP

At the end of 1992, my paper log had registered 170,000 contacts and I thought that it was time for transferring those QSO's to a computer program. In putting that amount of contacts along with the individual data for each of them, like call sign, date, time, QSL sent and received, etc. took a little more than five years for me to complete. I had to leave a great part of my on-air activity and the contests to dedicate it to the data transfer. In the summer of 1997, I finished that hard work and at the time of completion, my computerized log showed 193,000 qsos.

 

1997 CNCW. Olli OH0XX & EA4BQ visited my home to participate in the National Contest of CW.

 

 

DX WORLD: THE RADIO MAGAZINE

In May 1998, the Japanese magazine DX WORLD devoted one of its pages to my activity as a radio amateur, publishing photos of one of my antennas, a nice overview of Ceuta by night as well as my position in the shack. The theme of the article was dedicated to fixed stations with the largest number of QSOs made to date. The only thing I could understand about the article was the table with 5 operators leading in each particular ranking:

1. EA9IE JUAN 175.000 QSOS

2. K0DEQ BILL 156.000 QSOS

3. ON4UN JOHN 147.000 QSOS

4. N0FW PETER 143.000 QSOS

5. 9K2ZZ BOB 127.000 QSOS

 

 

When my community was first built, my apartment building, located at the end of the Royal Street, was ideal for communications due to the absence of buildings in the local area.

With the passing of the years, new buildings were constructed around my building and this year the last housing section for completion had been started. It brought me countless noises, especially in the low bands. In this photo, I appear at the foundations of the last section with my building and antennas in the background.

 

 

 

1998. VISITORS FOR ON-AIR RADIO ACTIVITY & CONTESTING:

CARL AND SUE P40V; AL K6YRA, CLENN RATTMAN K6NA AND CHUCK HUCKINTOSH K8CH

It was a year of pleasant visits and well know radioamateur friends participating in contests or any on-air activity from my home using the rare prefix EA9.

In the photo on the upper left is Carl P40V and Sue during our visit to Tangiers, Morocco. The photo on the upper right is on the balcony of my house with Al K6YRA.

The photo on the lower left is Glenn Rattman K6NA in my shack and on the lower right is the General Manager of the DXCC, Chuck Huckintosh K8CH seated in my armchair at the radio.

 

 

 

DXCC HONOR ROLL

When you work and confirm all but 10 entities on the DXCC list, you enter the select Honor Roll DXCC club and you can request a display plaque which recognizes the efforts of working so many entities over the years. Proudly I show my plaque.

 

 

DXCC HONOR ROLL # 1

When I completed all the Entity requirements for mixed and phone modes on the DXCC list, the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) presented this plaque to me. It occupies a place of honor in my shack because it represents all the radioamateurs who are involved in the fabulous world of long-distance HF communications. Proudly I share with you this plate

 

1999. Yuki JI6KVR visit my shak on April 1999. We have a good time showing him the city and its monuments. No on-air radio for this visit.

 

 

 

1998 to 2003    

 PAUSE IN MY RADIO ACTIVITY AS HAM

In the middle of the year 1999, I was elected as a member of the Parliament of Ceuta and also Minister of Public Administration and Internal Management in the Government of the Autonomous City of Ceuta. There was a year of preparation and an additional four years of total dedication required for these new positions in Parliament and Government. The work required extra time and effort and almost totally took me away from my hobby as a radioamateur, although I always maintained my contacts with my amateur friends, continued to read the bulletins and kept current with the big DXpeditions that occurred in those days although the contacts were seldom and sporadic.

 

 

 

THE ROYAL FLAG OF CEUTA

As a member of the Parliament and the Government of Ceuta, I had the highest honor of carrying the Royal Flag of Ceuta, in Spanish "El Pendón Real". Until August of 1415, Ceuta had been an independent city, with its own flag, currency, laws, government and diplomacy.

On the 21st of August, 1415, the Portuguese navy, headed by King Juan I, fought the inhabitants of Ceuta with his fleet and was able to conquer the city and make it a colony of the kingdom of Portugal. When Juan I returned to Portugal on the 2nd of September of that year, he left Pedro de Meneses as Governor of Ceuta. But before the King left, he presented the city this Royal Flag.

Every year the flag leads the 5th of August procession and is carried alternately by the members of the Parliament and the Government and is guarded by the General in Chief of the city. It was the highest honor for me to be able to hold this six centuries old Royal Flag during my four years as a Government Minister.

 

 

In the above photo, I'm taking posession of my new position as Minister of the Government of Ceuta. In the next photo, I'm taking posession as a Deputy Member of the Parliament of Ceuta.

 

 

 

At the upper photo saluting Don Carlos of Bourbon the Sicilies and Bourbon-Parma, Infante of Spain, Prince of the Two Sicilies, Duke of Calabria, Earl of Caserta and Head of the Royal House of Bourbon the Sicilies and cousin of the King of Spain Juan Carlos I.

In the down photo I'm with my admired writer Dominique Lapierre when visited Ceuta.

 

 

At the upper, greeting the President of the Spanish Senate at that time, Esperanza Aguirre, who is now the President of the Autonomous Government of the Region of Madrid.

Down, greetings to Luisa F. Rudi, at that time President of the Spanish Congress, who is now President of the Autonomous Government of Aragon.

 

 

These two photos show me on two different occasions with a great friend, Jesus Posadas, who then occupied the post of Minister of Public Administrations in the Government of Spain and who helped me greatly in the development of my role in the Government of Ceuta.

Actually, Jesus Posadas is the President of the Congress of the Deputies of Spain.

 

 

Being a member of the Government of Ceuta, I have had the honor and the opportunity to represent and preside over the city of Ceuta on many occasions.

In this photos, I'm shaking hands with the General in Chief of the City at a show presented by the Spanish Legion, and in the other photo, I’m representing the Government of Ceuta in a solemn military ceremony.

 

 

In 2002, I was Minister of Economic Affaires in the Government of Ceuta and from that position I sponsored an international gathering of radio amateurs. At the farewell dinner, I was accompanied by my colleague and friend Juan Vivas, President of the autonomous city of Ceuta, with who I appear in the photo.

The down photo  shows a meeting with Maria Dolores Cospedal, at that time Undersecretary of the Ministry of the Interior and currently President of the Government of Castilla - La Mancha. Also attending among others was the President of the city and the Delegate of the spanish Government.

 

 

Gold Medal of the City of Ceuta Presented to Rev. FRANCISCO MUÑOZ DE ARENILLAS, EA9AX, my Godfather in radio

As I mentioned in the text of the first picture on this page, I made my first contact in radio with the Rev. Muñoz de Arenillas EA9AX who had become my Godfather of radio. Because of his extraordinary work with the poor and needy, I proposed to the Government of Ceuta the awarding of the Gold Medal of Ceuta to the Rev. Muñoz de Arenillas EA9AX, and I had the honor of making the presentation speech about his contributions and accomplishments.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL HAM CONVENTION IN CEUTA

In December of 2002, as Ministry of Economic Affaires in the Autonomous Gouvern of Ceuta I sponsored the meeting of the International Convention of Radio Hams in Ceuta. There were more than 300 radio amateurs attending to listen and participate in the excellent presentations by many famous DXers.

In the next  photo I'm with Julio EA5XX and two of the attending rapporteurs, Hrane Milosevic YT1AD and Bill Moore NC1L, DXCC Manager, also very good collegues and friends. In the above photo, I’m signing the dedication of my book to another extraordinary Spanish expeditionary and great friend, Toni EA5RM.

 

 

2003. Position of my qth in the Main street of Ceuta and the roof  of my building holding my antenna system

Ceuta is a city that occupies a territory of 22 sqare kilometers and has a population of 80.000 inhabitants. I live in the center of the city, on the Royal street, and my appartment is located in a 8 floor building. The location of the building is in a narrow peninsula 200 meters from the Atlantic Ocean and 300 meters from the Mediterranean sea.

This location near the sea and the height of the building creates a very good environment for antennas but the numerous near by buildings may radiate severe noise which can hinder reception of QRP stations.

 

 

Radioclub Korkula (Croatia)

In November, in ocassion of a professional european meeting in the island or Korcula, Coratia, I made seaveral attempts to meet their local radio amateurs in the radio club but during the days of the meeting, the facilities were closed to all but the attendees so I did not have the opportunity to pay tribute to the local hams.

 

 

TANZANIA AND THE MASAI PEOPLE. At the end of my term as a member of the Parliament and the Government of the Autonomous City of Ceuta, I decided to take a long and distant holiday with the idea or preparing again to return to my job in the Ministry of Economy and Foreing Commerce. The site chosen was Tanzania where I discovered an extraordinary and communicative people, without need of equipment and antennas, just their smiles, attitude and hospitality. I am referring to the Massai People.

 

 

2003. ZA ALBANIA ON THE AIR

Albania closed the doors to amateur radio for many years. The efforts and dedication of Martti OH2BH were able to reopen the doors and finally Albanian radio amateurs could get back on the air. During the Spanish National Convention of 2003, Martti set out his plans to in Albania by giving second hand equipment and antennas to all the operators of this country who until then, had been isolated from the rest of the world.

In this photo, Martti OH2BH and I appear with the Director of the Convention, Angel EA1QF, holding the national flag of Albania.

 

 

The photo  shows one of the posts of operation at the home of Jim CN2R in Casablanca.

 

 

I have many close friends in the entire Spanish Territory. My trips throught the territories are either workd related or in some cases for leisure. In mos cases i try not to contact colleagues and friends from these areas because I understand each person has their work or family routine and I don't want to interfere with it. However, there are some instances where that is impossible to do, particulary when it's and admired colleague, as is the case of my dear friend Alfonso EA5RN in the city of Murcia, right photo, where we share a pleasant dinner with other hams in the area.

 

 

CN2R: ONE OF THE BIGGEST STATION IN THE WORLD

Casablanca is the economic capital or Morocco and is a 4 and a half hours driving south from Ceuta via a modern highway. A few kilometers to the south of the city is one of best and biggest stations in the world, owner by Ali CN8TW and Jim W7EJ. To learn more about this important stations, please vist http://cn2r.net/cn2r/index.aspx.

In these two  pictures, Ali CN8TW and Jim W7EJ are in my shack for a courtesy visit in November 2004. Ali CN8TW invited me to visit their station before the CQWWCW contest in that year and to a party at his beautiful home.

In another picture I appear with Jim W7EJ and Ali CN8TW and in the other photo with Mohamed CN8KD and his wife Josefina. Thanks to all of them for their splendid hospitality. In the following years I had visited them for some major contest events.

Even I appear with Mohamed CN8KD in his shack in Rabat and with Jim W7EJ at the farm where his station and antennas are located.

 

 

 

2004. Talks and Conferences

Both abroad and in Spain, I have had the opportunity to give talks and conferences about my experiences in the world of amateur radio, particularly in the various activities that I have specialized in throught out the years such as Dxing, the exciting world of contesting and long-distance conversations on HF. The photo shows one of these conferences held in Santiago de Compostela (Galizia) and organized by the spanish famous and reputed Radio Club Portico de la Gloria.

 

 

2004 POSITION OF MY SHACK

At the end of the year 2004, I made some modifications in my shack to adapt it better to my DX activities and pile ups because I decided to leave my serious participation in the large international contests.

This decision did not mean I would not be active in the major contests because i still wanted to be on-the-air as long as possible to give the other participants the opportunity to contact the EA9 prefix but i could no longer do a continous 48 hours. I am getting too old for that.

 

 

 

2005. Bert DJ9WH and Mieko DJ7KJ-JN1VVJ

In April of this year, Bert DJ9WH and Mieko DJ7KJ-JN1VVJ came from Germany to once again visit my shack. This second visit was as pleasant as the first one years before. In the spring, they operated a station on Gibraltar. On this occasion, they decided to share their time and radio activity between the ZB2 and EA9 prefixes. Both are residents close to Friedrichshaffen (Germany) and we are always able to find each other year after year on the bands.

 

 

2005. ZB2 THE GIBRALTAR PILE UP

I live in a corner of the world that is very unique. One in which you can see four countries of the DXCC: EA, ZB2, CN and EA9. This proximity in vicinity often results with radioamateurs of one country sharing activities with those of the other three countries.

I was invited by my Gibraltarian friends , Ernie ZB2FK, Jose ZB3D and Ronnie ZB3B, to the weekly meeting of the Gibraltar Amateur Radio Society (GARS) which is held on Tuesday evenings at their headquarters. I share this pictures with Ernie ZB2FK, Jose ZB3D, Ronnie ZB3B, Julio EA7JB, and the rest of the ZB group.

 

 

HB9BJS Walter. I previously wrote that the conventions and conferences of radio amateurs are great places to find friends, competitors in the pile ups, best operators of contests, famous amateurs with different specialties, and of course those who we interchange reports with daily on the bands.

In the case of the friends,  I am with Walter HB9BJS, author of the log program SWISSLOG. 

 

Domenico I8UDB. who hast stayed on 20 meters all his life with a powerful signal.

 

 

EA8' pile up in Friedrishaffen . Amateur radio meetings usually take place at trade fairs, symposiums and conventions. it's the ideal time to take photos with those with whom we share frequencies and contacts throughout tye year, as well as those competing in mayor international competitions. In the photo on the left, I'm with a group of EA8s led by Manolo EA8ZS.

 

 

Joe Taylor K1JT The Nobel Prize in Physics 1993

Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr. (born March 29, 1941) is an Amerlican astrophysicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his discovery with Russell Alan Hulse of a "new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation".

As amateur radio ham he wrote several computer programs and communications protocols, including WSJT ("Weak Signal/Joe Taylor"), a software package and protocol suite that utilizes computer-generated messages in conjunction with radio transceivers to communicate over long distances with other amateur radio operators. WSJT is useful for passing short messages via non-traditional radio communications methods, such as moonbounce and meteor scatter and other low signal-to-noise ratio paths. It is also useful for extremely long-distance contacts using very low power transmissions.

 

 

Thanks to Martti OH2BH, Finland and the OHs hams have a very special place in my fellings and in my heart. Several times I have visited this scandinavian country and it has captivated me.

In the summer of 2005 I drove to the Baltic Republics (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) and from there I made a short trip to Finland to attend the competition to select the pair of finish operators that would represent Finland in the next WRTC. Words alone are inadequated to describe the wonderment of the midnight sun again or saling through the lakes at midnight. You must experience it to appreciate it. The four photos above correspond to some of those moments we shared with the closed finish ham friends.

 

 

St. Petersburg with the Laine family

After my visit to Finland, we went by train from Helsinki to St. Petersburg with Martti OH2BH and his wife Leena OH2BE. We spent a week sightseeing in this wonderful Russian city. One of the objectives of this trip to the North was to activate Malij 4J1, before it becomes a delete Entity, but we couldn't do because the licence did not arrive on time and which prevented any on-air time. In this photo we pose with Leena OH2BE in the Summer Palace of Cataline.

 

 

Moscow in summer with 4L5A or D4B or UF6FFF ALEX

From St. Petersburg, and without the Laine familly, I traveled by a night train to Moscow to acquant myself with this imposing city and to meet my dearest friend Alex 4L5A, handling also the callsigns D4B and UF6FFF. Over the years, I have shared many amateur radio activities with Alex, specially in his early years as an amateur signing UF6FFF and later on his competitive activities from his impressive station on Cape Verde as D4B.

Alex was my extraordinary and generous host in Moscow, where I met and shared good times and memories with some of our Moscow colleagues. Thank you very much indeed, dear Alex and I will see you on Ceuta.

 

 

ES1AR Enn.  Traveling with my car through the Baltic republics of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, I had the opportunity to meet Enn ES1AR, an extraordinary DXer, an honor roll member of the DXCC and the former president of the Estonian radio amateurs. He invited me to his home in Tallinn for dinner where he told me stories about events during his long life as a radio amateur, including the period as president of the Estonian radio amateurs. We share the picture in Enn' shak.

 

 

Nuria EA3WL & Josep EA3BT.

If one talks about the importance of Spanish amateur radio, the names Nuria EA3WL and Josep EA3BT must be included. These operators are particularly dedicated to the adventure of the DXpedition. I have the honor of being a friend to this extraordinary couple of amateur radio expeditioners who have devoted and dedicated their free time to the activation of numerous and exotic countries of the DXCC, whether close or distant, but always amateur radio activity in its purest form. They are two extraordinary all-terrain operators who are masters of all the modes that are in demand on an expedition by operators on the other side of the pile up. In the photo, I share a table and some food with them in an amateur event.

 

 

Ernie ZB2FK and José ZB3D writing in my guest book. My neighbors Ernie ZB2FK and José ZB3D of Gibraltar honored me with a visit to Ceuta, where I took the opportunity to teach them about the common historic areas shared by Ceuta and Gibraltar, the two pillars of the historic columns of Hercules. Throughout the years and thanks to our communications, many radio amateurs on both sides of the Strait of Gibraltar share activities and experiences of amateur radio and have the opportunity to visit each other and show the charms of our respective lands.

 

 

Ham friends in my balcony  and driving to Soctland and Orkney island in summer

It is very common for DXpeditioners who go to Gibraltar ZB2 to activate this rare entity will also visit Ceuta to add another activation for EA9. Gibraltar is only 90 minutes from Ceuta so a short diversion to Ceuta is almost mandatory.

This is the case of John G4IRN and Roger G3SXW who, in 2005, took a week of their time to perform a dual DXpedition from Gibraltar and Ceuta. Here we are on the balcony of my house, accompanied by Pilar EA9AM and Joaquín EA9FY.

Driving with my car through Scotland in summer 2006, I visited the Orkney island and found the campground of antennas you see in the right pictures. No one was in the house so I could not meet this happy scott ham with so great antennas system. What a pitty!

 

 

My daughter Livia's wedding

My daughter Livia was married on the October 7th, 2006 in my home town of Estepona. The marriage of a daughter is one of those special events in life that can’t be appreciated until you experience it. As a father, it was one of the most emotional and happy moments in my life with unique situations... well maybe until Livia’s twin sister Patricia gets married.

Spanish tradition requires that the Godmother of the wedding is the mother of the groom and the Godfather is the father of the bride. For this reason, I had the honour to escort my daughter to the altar to live one of the happiest days of her life. It is very difficult to express my feelings during the ceremony because it was a time of many mixed emotions: joy, nervousness, tears and elation which I find very difficult to put into words. Those of you who are mothers and fathers will understand.

 

After the religious ceremony, we had a wonderful dinner and celebration with our family and friends who shared those precious moments with us. It's been almost 6 years since the wedding and it still excites me to write about it and see some of the photos of that day.

 

With the President IARU Region I  and in the Comittee HF IARU Region I (Vienna)

On a visit to Spain, I again met with Olle LA2RR, currently Vice President of the IARU. On this occasion, we share this photo with my two valued friends Diego EA7MK and Toni EA3BRA, close companions with whom I have shared innumerable experiences over the past years and for whose friendship I am very grateful.

For many years I have represented the Spanish radio amateurs in several international organizations, particularly in the IARU. Much of my work was developed for the Committee for HF of the IARU Region I. This photo  pertains to one of the meetings of that Committee held in Vienna.

 

 

Paul F6EXV and Kan JA1BK 

Paul F6EXV is a Spanish friend who is an outstanding operator and a DXpeditioner extraordinaire. As you can see by Paul’s call sign, he has been able to “infiltrate” the French radio amateur community. REF friends believe Paul is French but keep the secret, please: Paul is a Spanish radio amateur and DXer that we have “infiltrated” among the French radio amateurs.

What can I say about Kan JA2BK that worldwide DXers don’t already know? In connection with Paul F6EXV, Kan is one of the greats of the radio amateur hobby. I have worked him from numerous countries and I want to thank him here for the many new countries he has given me throughout my life as a radio amateur. I personally met Kan in Tokyo in 1986 on a business trip to Japan and since then I am grateful for his friendship.

 

 

Hans PB2T, Olle LA2RR and Gerard F2VX

Hans PB2T and Olle LA2RR are two great amateur radio operators and authorities of the IARU. At the moment Hans is President of Region I of the IARU and Olle is the Vice-President of the IARU. Over the years, I have met with them in different parts of the world, but Friedrichshaffen was the location we most often met and where we were photographed.

Gerard F2VX is another one of my great french friends and a member of the Dxpeditioners of France. Tireless, despite his age and his marriages, sorry, Gerard, I could not keep this secret, he also is one of the great operators from the other side of the pile up and who gives me the honor of being his friend.

 

 

John G4IRN and Roger G3SXW & With Toni EA5RM

John G4IRN and Roger G3SXW visited my home in 2006 and again returned in 2007 after finishing another of their major operations. I am impressed with their mobility and flexibility, to be able to move to any part of the world with short notice and set up a station very quickly. They have a collection of antennas that lend themselves to quick and easy mounting. They also are experts at handling pileups, particularly those of the Europeans.

 

 

 

5th Meeting EA8 Canary Hams in El Hierro

Every summer, radio amateurs of the Canary Islands, EA8, organize a rotary meeting in one of the 7 Islands that make up the Canary Islands. In 2007 the event took place on the island of El Hierro, now very famous for the submarine volcano which is erupting since the end of 2011.

Island residents are known for their wonderful hospitality and my Canarian friends are no exception. Despite my EA9 prefix, I was not a stranger in this fifth meeting on El Hierro and enjoyed a few wonderful days with these friends, many of them great dxers, contesters and Dxpeditioniers.

 

 

CANDELA IS BORN

My first granddaughter was born in November 2007. Once again I have difficulties expressing the feelings of those endearing moments and that with the passage of time has only intensified. It must also be said that only a grandfather can understand these comments. My granddaughter’s name is Candela which means Fire in English.

I’m hoping that someday she will be part of our amateur radio hobby, something that my twin daughters Livia and Patricia decided not to do.

 

 

With Nigel G3TXF & Paul F6EXV

In large conventions and meetings of radio amateurs, it is very common to recognize and reward those who have performed significant activity during the year or have given a lifetime of service to the amateur radio hobby. This is the case of the two people in these photos, Nigel G3TXF and Paul F6EXV, tireless travellers with a spotless track record and participants in large and difficult expeditions. I had the honor of being chosen to deliver these prestigious awards to these two renowned DXpeditioners.

 

 

Northern California DX Foundation honoured in Spain

If I had to appoint an association or foundation in the world of amateur radio the election would be to the Nothern California DX Foundation NCDXF. I met a large part of its members along with its president, Rusty W6OAT, during my first visit to the Visalia Convention in 1987.

That meeting was the beginning of an enduring relationship and friendship cultivated over the years with numerous communications on the radio and personal meetings. In 2007, a public tribute from the Spanish radio amateurs was given to the Northern California DX Foundation NCDXF. I had the honour of delivering this appreciation to the delegation of the NCDXF, who had visited Spain for this occasion, and which was headed by Rusty W6OAT.

 

 

2008, February 2nd. EA9IE' pile up on 80 meters.

KG2RG uploaded a qso with me on 80 meters breaking my US pile up on my sunrise. you can hear the qso on

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jtx3n_6Gago

 

 

Football Eurocup 2008 in Friedrichshaffen & With friends in Friedrichshaffen

June of 2008 was a glorious month for the Spanish national football team. The Championship of Europe was held this month in Switzerland and Austria and the semi-finals coincided with Ham Radio of Friedrichshaffen (Germany). Spain won one of the semi-final matches versus Russia 3-0 and the few Spaniards who we were attending Ham Radio were greeted warmly in the streets of Friedrichshaffen. It also included the parading of Spanish flags. In this photo, I am with Alfonso and his son David, owners of the amateur radio electronics store Proyecto 4, and Diego EA7MK. The Euro final was played on 29 June and Spain beat Germany 1-0, but I was no longer in Germany at the time of the victory.

At one of the booths of the German DX Foundation, I’m with my old friends Baldur DJ6SI and Franz DJ9ZB. I did not meet Baldur DJ6SI again for another 20 years, although I continued to follow all his activities around the world, always in CW. I've been able to meet with Franz DJ9ZB almost every year and it’s always a pleasure to be in his company, although this time he was not with his lovely wife Marita.

 

 

My granddaughter Candela in the shack

Candela is growing up very fast and a day doesn’t go by that I don’t bring her into the shack to introduce her to the hobby and the sweet aroma of radio devices. Candela was amazed the first time that I put my headphones on and tuned in a pile up of SSB signals. Maybe the next time we’ll try CW because it might make her think of the hobby as dots and stripes.

 

 

With hams in La Palma' Observatory . On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Association of Radio Amateurs of Santa Cruz de La Palma, Canary Islands, I had the honor of being invited by the directors of the association to commemorate the historical events which occurred on the date of this anniversary. As we visited the Roque de los Muchachos, where one of the more important and large worldwide networks of telescopes resides, it was emphasized that the observatory was started on the anniversary date. We visited several of the telescopes and the photo shows the brand new telescope GranTeCan.

 

 

Tony EA5RM, Roberto EA2RY & Juan Carlos EA3GHZ

The photo  shows a meeting with two friends, Toni EA5RM and Roberto EA2RY, who were operators of the magnificent expedition to Rwanda during the year 2008 under the call sign 9X0R in which 62.680 contacts were made. This group of radio amateur friends, under the name Tifariti group, has organized and operated many important and prestigious DXpeditions and included the following: S01R, 9X0R, SO4R, E4X, T70A, STO4 and C37N. Juan Carlos EA3GHZ took this photo with us. He is another great radio amateur and young friend.

 

Clif SV1JG & Pere EA3CUU

Cliff SV1JG is another tireless individual who also is a special friend and a DXpeditioner. It seems like only yesterday that I worked him from his legendary DXpedition to Mount Athos. On this occasion, the event organizers allowed me the honor of delivering this plaque to him in recognition of his long and extensive activity in the world of amateur radio.

At this same event, since I was the master of ceremonies, I had the honor and pleasure of acknowledging the extraordinary work done by my friend Pere EA3CUU from Timor-Leste. Pere has starred in numerous expeditions, most of them made up of Spaniards. He has been able to use the hobby to promote solidarity with the local people in need, using his extraordinary knowledge of communications and information technology for the benefit of the most needy. Thank you for your selfless work, Pere.

 

 

Toni EA5RM, Fabrizio IN3ZNR and Manolo EA7AJR 

I took this photo of my friends in front of the Conrad booth in Ham Radio Friedrichshaffen 2009 because it was a unique opportunity to bring together these DXpeditioners of the Tifariti DX Club. To enjoy the places of their successful DXpeditions, just look on the web site of their leader, Toni EA5RM.

 

 

Franz DJ9ZB, Juan EA9IE and Diego EA7MK

Once again, and I've already lost count, I was in Friedrichshaffen with Franz DJ9ZB, accompanied by Diego EA7MK. It’s always time for a photo with friends and this time it was very special because we remembered the excitement from the previous year when Spain won the Euro Championship by beating Germany in the final. Sorry, Franz.

 

 

Old friend Ignacio EA8QL . In my early years on 80 m, there were several people who helped me in my first steps on that challenging band. Fernando EA3SF was my companion almost every early morning and Ignacio EA8QL also participated in the cloistered routine of hunting out daybreak Pacific stations. We complemented each other very well because of the time differences between the Canary Islands and Ceuta which resulted in a boost to our SSB contacts on 80 m.

 

 

Franz DJ9ZB & Arseli EA2JG

In 2009, the Spanish DXers decided to thank and pay tribute to Franz Langner DJ9ZB for his extraordinary career as a DXer and DXpeditioner. For this occasion Franz traveled to Spain, and we had the opportunity to take a photo with him accompanied by our leader in the Sahara West S0RASD, Arseli EA2JG.

 

 

Tribute and honor to the IARU HQ Spanish Team and to its leader Manolo EA8ZS

The Canary Islands has attracted and continues to attract famous Spanish radio amateurs as well as world-wide radio amateur events particularly in the field of contesting. Manolo EA8ZS is such an amateur who is a tireless participant and organizer of major contests and who has been able to win many of these contests. In these two photos, I'm with Manolo and other dear friends on the presentation of the plaque to the winner of the World Championship of the IARU, held in EA8 land.

 

 

Old timers ever and friends Ville OH2MM, Fernando EA8AK & Olli OH0XX

After the delivery of the trophy of the IARU, we took this photo with two great champions and DXpeditioners, namely Ville OH2MM and Fernando EA8AK. In the photo on the right, I’m shown presenting a remembrance plaque to Olli OH0XX, also with the Spanish call EA4BQ, for his long activity in amateur radio.

 

 

Gerard F2VX and I have had a long and close friendship over the years. I have worked Gerard from many countries and each of these contacts was a great time to remember all the activities and experiences that we shared together over the years. Gerard F2JD is just one of the many friends that I have in France.

 

 

While in Tierra del Fuego, Southern Argentina, my attention was drawn to the permissiveness of the authorities with amateur radio operators when installing towers and antennas. This is illustrated in the two photos that I took during my spring trip to Argentina, in Ushuaia. For better or worse, these situations could not be done by Spanish amateurs because Spanish law does not allow this kind of construction. In particular, I am referring to the situation of the tower in the photo on the right, which has its base located on the street and fixed to the exterior façade of the building. The owner and the "tierrafueguiños" colleagues are fortunate to have such relaxed regulations in the construction of antennas.

 

 

STEVE W3BGN . In the spring of this year, I received an email from my friend Steve W3BGN announcing his visit to Ceuta on a pleasure trip aboard one of the large cruise ships that cross our seas. I picked up Steve and his wife at the arrival dock of the ship and took them on a tour of the historical center of Ceuta, the Royal Walls, historic buildings and we finished our tour with a spectacular view of the Strait of Gibraltar from Monte Hacho. A lunch in a typical Moroccan restaurant put an end to a great day with this special DXer and contester, companion of many piles up throughout my life as a radio amateur.

 

 

DAVE K1ZZ.  Since my first visit to the headquarters of the ARRL in the summer of 1981, I have always had a wonderful and friendly relationship with both the employees and management of the ARRL. I feel very dear and valued by all of them, and at the time were very helpful to me in a few matters that required their assistance. If I had to highlight a special relationship with any of them, I have no doubt that the appreciation, admiration and friendship I have with David K1ZZ is very special. David has been the ARRL Chief Executive Officer for many years and is among the most respected in the world of amateur radio. I am honored by his friendship. In the photo on the left, we are both at the Ham Radio of Friedricshaffen.

 

Back to Friedrichshaffen 2010 and meeting the competitors and friends

Friedrichshafen is a university city on the northern side of Lake Constance in Southern Germany, near the borders with Switzerland and Austria.It is the district capital of the Bodensee district in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg.Friedrichshafen has a population of 58,000 inhabitants. Friedrichshafen is the location for Europe's largest Ham radioconvention.

Around 16.300 attendees from acros the globe came to Ham Radio 2011 to meet other amateur radio enthusiasts, exchange information, stock up on the latest products and gain new impressions. The three-day exhibition featured new products from 184 exhibitos, a flea market with a verity of treasures to discover and informative presentations. The next Ham Radio will take place from June 28 to 30, 2013 in Friedrichshafen.

I share the above photos with friends and hams during Fried 2010.

 

 

Celebrating New Year with Cuban hams in Havana

After receiving a cordial invitation from engineer Pedro Rodríguez CO2RP, the president of the radio amateurs of Cuba FRC, I attended a New Year’s reception held at the headquarters of FRC, located on Paseo Street in Havana. This gave me an opportunity to learn about projects and activities for radio amateurs that were being carried out by FRC. I shared a warm, cozy and exciting day with the Chairman of FRC, his team of government officials and numerous Cuban colleagues that attended this event of the New Year. The photos above are taken in the Office and Chair of the President of FRC and the photos below show me with some friends and Cuban radio amateurs during this New Year event.

Hams & friends in Havana (Cuba) in New Year 2011

 

 

Sofia is born

My second granddaughter, named Sophia, was born in July 2011. He was also born in Estepona and her arrival filled me with joy and happiness, with the hope that at least one of my two granddaughters continue with this admirable fondness for radio. Already with a few months, Sofia poses with me in my shack.

 

 

EF9A on the air

I have coincided with Salva EA5DY several times and always with occasions of amateur radio activities, including the 2010 Ham Radio in Friedrichshafen. Again we find ourselves on the occasion of the IARU 2011, both in the spanish HQ team, and Salva expressed me their enthusiasm in participating in CQWW SSB 2011 from my qth.

I got for him the special and easy callsign EF9A and his participation in this contest, in the form of single operator monoband 10 meters, led him to more than 4,000 contacts and as of today we are waiting for the results. 

 

 

DX AND DXERS. My book

DX AND DXERS

Throughout the years of my experience, I've gained practical knowledge on radio amateur practices and techniques for long distance communications, dx contests, handling pile ups, and how to work the DXpeditions.

This knowledge and my passion for DX has helped me be successful in the large international contests. My location in Ceuta is considered rare DX and this affords me the opportunity to work the other side of a pile up. To date, all of this has allowed me to make a quarter of a million QSO's.

In my country it is said a man is complete when he plants a tree, he has a son and he writes a book. I've accomplished the first two goals and now I have one more to do, write a book. After a long thought process. I decided to write a book that would tell of my experiences for so many years as a radio amateur, how to increase the number of QSO's, and relating my experiences to practically show how to start in this incredible world of DX and contests. In essence, it is a first step for "DX and Dxers". I clearly show all the basic and essential techniques that a radio amateur needs to know when facing a pile up or entering a large contest.

The first chapter is dedicated to the definition of DX. The second chapter explains the basic principles that any radio amateur must know to work a pile up. The third chapter discusses each one of the five classic HF bands, their characteristics, schedules for openings,and the short and long path. Another section discusses what to do and what not to do before sending out a call sign to complete a successful QSO. One chapter is dedicated to the controversial subject of lists of operation and nets. An important chapter is the one that follows and that is self explanatory by its title: CQ contest,CQ contest, where I review all the aspects of a contest from the side of a DX station as opposed to a station located inside the pile up. I recommend the advisable hours for each one of the bands through out the 48 hours of contest operation, completing appointments, etc. The following chapter picks up the most important aspects of QSL cards, postage, designs, size, IRC's, envelopes, addresses, when to use the bureau and when to make it direct, managers, etc.

Another chapter is dedicated to the DXCC entities list, current and deleted, and the procedure to follow for the application form and QSL cards and how to apply for a DXCC award. A section that has had much controversy is the one dedicated to listening in comparison with cluster watching. I wrote this chapter before the alarming increase in the number of DXers who have left listening to rely exclusively on clusters. The following chapter deals with logs, computer science and diplomas. One of the sections I wrote with more favor was the one dedicated to the great DXpeditions and what it takes for preparation: where to go, preparing the infrastructure, the selection of operators, programming of official notices, antenna location and erection, obtaining a license, etc.

The final section is a listing of some of the great operators I have known throughout the years: Iris W6QL and Lloyd W6KG Colvin, Marti Laine OH2BH, Kan Mizoguchi JA1BK, Marta WN4FVU and Carl WB4ZNH Henson, Pekka Kolehmainen OH1RY, Paul Granger F6EXV, Jim Smith VK9NS, Ron Wright ZL1AMO, Baldur Drobnica DJ6SI, Franz Langner DJ9ZB, etc. A special section of to this chapter I dedicated to the great operations that I have lived, beginning with the two great Spanish Dxpeditions: 3C1AA, 3C0AB was the first ones and S0RASD was the second. Fernando Fernández EA8CR/EA8AK also have their section as well as DXpeditions like VP8SSI, XY0RR, and CE0AA. In the section on the DXpeditions, as a appendix, I dedicated to H40AA a special corner for being an incredible part of radio amateur history and that his story deserves to be well-known. I finalized with VK0IR, who, until then,I considered "the greatest spectacle of the world", for bein one of greatest contributors for many of the aspects of a DXpeditión. There is a note compendium that lists the holder and titles such as" DX from the Paradise" , " DX from Andorra" , " The DXCC of the year 1997" and " The DXCC of the 21st century ".

I cannot be a book reviewer of my book, but there have been innumerable letters and emails, telephone calls, and personal commentaries via radio congratulating me on the bookand how easy it was to understand and that I was able to explain in clear and didactic terms all the mysteries of the world ofDX and the international contests, and that this book is a necessary tool for either beginners orexperienced DXersin the exciting world of the HF.

 

I had the high honor of being a member of this international team that competed from the Canary Islands in the IARU Championship representing the Spanish HQ. The final tabulated resultsshow a total score of 30,651,384 points, beating the runner up by almost 7 million points andsurpassing the previous record of more than 4 million points

I want to give my gratitude to the leaders of the team: EA5DY, EA8AH, EA8CAC and EA8ZS and the hospitality of the EA8URL' members.

Special and extra mention to Valery RD3A, the heart of this team. Thanks, Valery.

 

RADIO CLUB PERUANO EN LIMA. On the occasion of a spring holiday, I had the opportunity to visit Peru to see their natural wonders , the incas constructions as enjoy its spectacular cuisine, especially the ceviche. Even I had the opportunity to visit the extraordinary installation of the Radio Club Peruano in Lima. I share the photo on the right with Pablo OA4AI and Oscar OA4AMN, who along with Rafael OA4BIE were my superb hosts.

The Radio Club Peruano (RCP)is a national non-profit organization for amateur radio enthusiasts in Peru. RCP was founded on December 6, 1930 and the first General Meeting of the organization was held in the halls of the Library of the Geographical Society in Lima, Peru in January, 1931.The RCP operates a QSL bureaubureau for those amateur radio operators in regular contact with amateur radio operators in other countries, and supports amateur radio operating awards and radio contests.Radio Club Peruano represents the interests of Peruvian amateur radio operators before national and international regulatory authorities. RCP is the national member society representing Peru in the International Amateur Radio Union.

 

 

MY QSL CARD

For many years I have been using this cover for myQSL card. However, over time, I have changed several times the portion that includes the data of the QSO. At this moment, the middle of November 2011, I have sent out around 100.000 cards and my log has 260,106 QSO's. To everyone having a QSO with me, I wish to thank you very much for the opportunity and joy because every QSO, long or just a 59, is a special moment that I cherish with love and passion. Thank you very much indeed for those unique moments.

 

 

WONDERS OF THE WORLD

Travel and art are two of my favorite hobbies although both have become more of a passion than a hobby. Traveling to learn about new places, ancient cultures, different people and customs is something that excites me and what I've been doing since i was very young. I always wanted to visit some of the Wonders of the World and to get on that exclusive honor roll of travels.

Various lists of the Wonders of the World have been compiled from antiquity to the present day, to catalogue the World's most spectacular natural wonders and manmade structures.

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is the first known list of the most remarkable creations of classical antiquity, and was based on guide-books popular among Hellenic sight-seers and only includes works located around the Mediterranean rim. The number seven was chosen because the Greeks believed it to be the representation of perfection and plenty. Many similar lists have been made.

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, some writers wrote about lists with names such as Wonders of the Middle Ages, Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages, Seven Wonders of the Medieval Mind, and Architectural Wonders of the Middle Ages. However it is unlikely that these lists originated in the Middle Ages because the word medieval was not invented until the Enlightenment-era, and the concept of a Middle Age did not become popular until the 16th century.

In 2001 an initiative was started by the Swiss corporation New7Wonders Foundation to choose the New 7 Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments. Twenty one finalists were announced January 1, 2006. The results were announced on July 7, 2007, in Lisbon, Portugal.

 

 

THE ACROPOLIS OF ATHENS

The Acropolis of Athens (Greece) or Citadel of Athens is the best known acropolisin the world. Although there are many other acropolis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as The Acropolis without qualification. The Acropolis was formally proclaimed as the preeminent monument on the European Cultural Heritage list of monuments on 26 March 2007. The Acropolis is a flat-topped rock that rises 150 meters above sea level in the city of Athens, with a surface area of about 3 hectares. It was also known as Cecropia, after the legendary serpent-man, Cecrops, the first Athenian king.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acropolis_of_Athens

 

 

THE STATUE OF LIBERTY IN NEW YORK

The Statue of Liberty (United States of America) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty island in New York Harbor, designed by Frederic Bartholdi and dedicated on October 28, 1886. The statue, a gift to the United States from the people of France, is of a robed female figure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776. A broken chain lies at her feet. The statue has become an icon of freedom and of the United States.Get an extra info athttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty

In order to honor and remember the victims of September 11, 2001, in the World Trade Center, let me replace the picture of the Statue of Liberty with this photograph taken in 1981 in the ferry to Liberty island, from which shows the Twin Towers in the background taken during my first visit to New York.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/September_11_attacks

 

 

KYOTO KIYOMIZU-DERA IN JAPAN                                      

KYOTO Kiyomizu-dera (Japan) (清水寺?), officially Otowa-san Kiyomizu-dera (音羽山清水寺?) is an independent Buddhist temple in eastern Kyoto. The temple is part of the Historic monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities) UNESCO Wold Heritagesite. (It should not be confused with Kiyomizu-dera in Yasugi, Shimane, which is part of the 33-temple route of the Chugoku 33 Kannon Pilgrimage through western Japan.)

Kiyomizu-dera was founded in the early Heian period. The temple dates back to 778, and its present buildings were constructed in 1633, during a restoration ordered by the Tokugawa Iemitsu. There is not a single nail used in the entire structure. It takes its name from the waterfall within the complex, which runs off the nearby hills. Kiyomizu means clear water, or pure water. It was originally affiliated with the old and influential Hosso sect dating from Nara times. However, in 1965 it severed that affiliation, and its present custodians call themselves members of the "Kitahossō" sect.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyoto

 

THE EIFFEL TOWER OF PARIS

The Eiffel Tower (France) is a puddle iron lattice towerr located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. Built in 1889, it has become both a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tower is the tallest building in Paris and the most-visited paid monument in the world; millions of people ascend it every year. Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built as the entrance arch to the 1889 World's Fair.

The tower stands 324 metres tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to assume the title of the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years, until the Chrysler Building in New York City was built in 1930. However, due to the addition, in 1957, of the antenna atop the Eiffel Tower, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiffel_Tower

 

 

STONEHENGE SITE IN UNITED KINGDOM

Stonehenge (United Kingdom) is a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 2 miles west of Amesbury and 8 miles north of Salisbury. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of a circular setting of large standing stonesset within earth works. It is at the centre of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Agemonuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds.

Archaeologists believe the iconic stone monument was constructed anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC, as described in the chronology below. Radiocarbon datingin 2008 suggested that the first stones were erected in 2400–2200 BC, whilst another theory suggests that blue stones may have been erected at the site as early as 3000 BC.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge

 

 

Hadrian's Wall (United Kingdom)

Hadrian's Wall was a defensive fortification in Roman Britain. Begun in AD 122, during the rule of emperor Hadrian, it was the first of two fortifications built across Great Britain, the second being the Antonine Wall, lesser known of the two because its physical remains are less evident today. The wall was the most heavily fortified border in the Empire. In addition to its role as a military fortification, it is thought that many of the gates through the wall would have served as customs posts to allow trade and levy taxation. It was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. English Heritage, a government organisation in charge of managing the historic environment of England, describes it as "the most important monument built by the Romans in Britain".

Hadrian's Wall was 80 Roman miles or 120km long, its width and height dependent on the construction materials which were available nearby. East of River Irthing the wall was made from squared stone and measured 3metres wide and five to six metres high, while west of the river the wall was made from turf and measured 6metres wide and 3.5metres high. This does not include the wall's ditches, berms and forts. The central section measured eight Roman feet wide on a 10-foot base. Some parts of this section of the wall survive to a height of 3 meters.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadrian%27s_Wall and

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonine_wall

 

 

CHICHEN ITZA IN MEXICO

Chichen Itza (Mexico )was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya civilization. The archaeological site is located in the municipality of Tinum, in the Mexican state of Yucatán. Chichen Itza was a major focal point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic (c.600–900 AD) through the Terminal Classic (c.800–900) and into the early portion of the Early Postclassic period (c.900–1200).

The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico and of the Puuc and Chenesstyles of the northern Maya lowlands. The presence of central Mexican styles was once thought to have been representative of direct migration or even conquest from central Mexico, but most contemporary interpretations view the presence of these non-Maya styles more as the result of cultural diffusion.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichen_Itza

 

Tikal (Guatemala)

Tikal is one of the largest archaeological sites and urban centres of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. It is located in the archaeological region of the Peten Basin in what is now northern Guatemala. Situated in the department of El Peten, the site is part of Guatemala's Tikal National Park and in 1979 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tikal was the capital of a conquest state that became one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Maya. Though monumental architecture at the site dates back as far as the 4th century BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the Classic Period, ca. 200 to 900 AD.

During this time, the city dominated much of the Maya region politically, economically, and militarily, while interacting with areas throughout Mesoamerica such as the great metropolis of Teotihuacan in the distant Valley of Mexico. There is evidence that Tikal was conquered by Teotihuacan in the 4th century AD. Following the end of the Late Classic Period, no new major monuments were built at Tikal and there is evidence that elite palaces were burned. These events were coupled with a gradual population decline, culminating with the site’s abandonment by the end of the 10th century. Tikal is the best understood of any of the large lowland Maya cities, with a long dynastic ruler list, the discovery of the tombs of many of the rulers on this list and the investigation of their monuments, temples and palaces.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tikal 

 

 

Teothihuacan (Mexico)

Teotihuacan is an enormous archeological site in the Basin of Mexico, just 48km northeast of Mexico City, containing some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas. Apart from the pyramidal structures, Teotihuacan is also known for its large residential complexes, the Avenue of the Dead, and numerous colorful, well-preserved murals. The city is thought to have been established around 100 BC and continued to be built until about 250 AD. The city may have lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. At its zenith, perhaps in the first half of the 1st millennium AD, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, with a population of perhaps 125,000 or more, placing it among the largest cities of the world in this period.

Teotihuacan began as a new religious center in the Mexican Highland around the first century AD. This city came to be the largest and most populated center in the New World. Teotihuacan was even home to multi-floor apartment compounds built to accommodate this large population. The civilization and cultural complex associated with the site is also referred to as Teotihuacan or Teotihuacano. Although it is a subject of debate whether Teotihuacan was the center of a state empire, its influence throughout Mesoamerica is well documented; evidence of Teotihuacano presence can be seen at numerous sites in Veracruz and the Maya region. The Aztecs may have been influenced by this city. The ethnicity of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan is also a subject of debate. The site covers a total surface area of 83 square kilometres and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. Get an extra info at

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teotihuacan

 

PIAZZA SAN MARCO IN VENICE, ITALY

Piazza San Marco (Venice, Italy) (often known in English as St Mark's Square), is the principal public square of Venice, Italy, where it is generally known just as "the Piazza". All other urban spaces in the city (except the Piazzetta and the Piazzale Roma) are called "campi" (fields). The Piazzetta (the 'little Piazza') is an extension of the Piazza towards the lagoon in its south east corner. The two spaces together form the social, religious and political centre of Venice and are commonly considered together. A remark usually attributed to Napoleon calls the Piazza San Marco "the drawing room of Europe". (The attribution to Napoleon is unproven).

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piazza_San_Marco 

and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venice

 

Heviz Spa (Hungary)

Hévíz Spa and the Szent András Hospital, Hévíz (St. Andrew's State Hospital for Rheumatology and Rehabilitation) is a spa in Hungary. It is located in Heviz, on the shores of the lake of the same name. The complex balneological treatment used in Heviz has been developed through the centuries as a unique kind of medical care. It is based on three principles:

  • natural curative effect of the lake
  • presence of professional medical care
  • medical diagnosis

The curative effect of the lake was probably known to the ancient Romans. Coins found in the lake in the early 1980s also support this supposition. Discoveries from the age of Migration suggest that the migrant German and Slavic population used the lake as well. Written sources more than 400 years old originate from the age of the Turkish invasion.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heviz

 

 

GREAT WALL OF CHINA

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various war like peoples or forces. Several walls had already been begun to be built beginning around the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, enhanced; the majority of the existing wall was reconstructed during the Ming Dynasty.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_China

 

 

SAINT SOPHIA IN TURKEY

Hagia Sophia (Turkey) is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, and now a museum in Istambul, Turkey. From the date of its dedication in 360 until 1453, it served as the Greek Patriarchal cathedral of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople of the Western Crusader established Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931, when it was secularized. It was opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.

The Church was dedicated to the Logos, the second person of the Holy Trinity, its dedication feast taking place on December 25th, the anniversary of the Birth of the incarnation of the Logos in Christ. Although it is sometimes referred to as Sancta Sophia (as though it were named after Saint Sophia), sophia is the phonetic spelling in Latin of the Greek word for wisdom – the full name in Greek being Ναός τῆς Ἁγίας τοῦ Θεοῦ Σοφίας, "Church of the Holy Wisdom of God".

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia

 

 

 

 

 

Library of Celsus in Ephesus (Turkey)

The library of Celsus is an ancient Roman building in Ephesus, Anatonia, now part of Turkey. It was built in honor of the Roman Senator TiberiusJulius Celsus Polemaenus (completed in 135 AD) by Celsus’ son, Galius Julius Aquila (consul, 110 AD). Celsus had been consul in 92 AD, governor of Asia in 115 AD, and a wealthy and popular local citizen. He was a native of nearby Sardis and amongst the earliest men of purely Greek origin to become a consul in the Roman Empireand it is honored both as a Greek and a Roman on the library itself. Celsus paid for the construction of the library with his own personal wealth.

The library was built to store 12,000 scrolls and to serve as a monumental tomb for Celsus. Celsus is buried in a sarcophagus beneath the library, in the main entrance which is both a crypt containing his sarcophaqus and a sepulchral monument to him. It was unusual to be buried within a library or even within city limits, so this was a special honor for Celsus.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_of_Celsus

and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ephesus

 

 

NEUSCHWANSTEIN CASTLE IN GERMANY

Neuschwanstein Castle (Germany ) is a 19th-century Romanesque Revival palace on a rugged hill above the village of Hohenschwangau near Fussen ,in southwest Bavaria, Germany. The palace was commissioned by Ludwig II of Bavariaas a retreat and as a homage To Richard Wagner. Contrary to common belief, Ludwig paid for the palace out of his personal fortune and extensive borrowing, not with Bavarian public funds.

The palace was intended as a personal refuge for the reclusive king, but it was opened to the paying public immediately after his death in 1886. Since then over 60 million people have visited Neuschwanstein Castle. More than 1.3 million people visit annually, with up to 6,000 per day in the summer. The palace has appeared prominently in several movies and was the inspiration for Disneyland's Sleeping Beauty Castleand later, similar structures.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuschwanstein_Castle

 

 

CASTLE OF TRAKAI IN LITHUANIA

Trakai Castle (Lithuania) is an island castle located in Trakai, Lithuania, on an island in Lake Galvé. The castle is sometimes referred to as "Little Marienburg". The construction of the stone castle was begun in the 14th century by Kestutis, and around 1409 major works were completed by his son Vytautas the Great, who died in this castle in 1430. Trakai was one of the main centres of the Grand Duchy of Lithuaniaand the castle held great strategic importance.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trakai_Island_Castle

 

 

The Hermitage in St. Petersburg

The State Hermitage (Russia) is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia. One of the largest and oldest museums of the world, it was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Greatand has been opened to the public since 1852. Its collections, of which only a small part is on permanent display, comprise nearly 3 million items, including the largest collection of paintings in the world.

The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings along Palace Embankment, including the Winter Palace, a former residence of Russian emperors. Apart from them, the Menshikov Palace, Museum of Porcelain, Storage Facility at Staraya Derevnya and the eastern wing of the General Staff Buildingare also part of the museum. The museum has several exhibition centers abroad. The Hermitage is a federal state property.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Petersburg 

and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermitage_Museum

 

 

The Kremlim in Moscow

The Moscow Kremlin (Russia) is a historic fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River (to the south), Saint Basil's Cathedral and Red Square (to the east) and the Alexander Garden (to the west). It is the best known of kremlins (Russian citadels )and includes four palaces, four cathedrals and the enclosing Kremlin Wall with Kremlin towers. The complex serves as the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_Kremlin

 

 

SISTINE CHAPEL (Vatican city)

Sistine Chapel is the best-known chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope in the Vatican City. It is famous for its architecture and its decoration that was frescoedthroughout by Renaissance artists including Michelangelo, Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Pinturichioand others. Under the patronage of Pope Julius II Michelangelo painted 1,100m² of the e chapel ceilingbetween 1508 and 1512. The ceiling, and especially The Last Judgment (1535–1541), is widely believed to be Michelangelo's crowning achievement in painting.

The chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV, who restored the old Cappella Magna between 1477 and 1480. During this period a team of painters created a series of frescoed panels depicting the life of Moses and the life of Christ, offset by papal portraits above and trompe l’oeildrapery below. These paintings were completed in 1482, and on 15 August 1483, Sixtus IV celebrated the first massin the Sistine Chapel for the Feast of the Assumption, at which ceremony the chapel was consecrated and dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

Since the time of Sixtus IV, the chapel has served as a place of both religious and functionary papal activity. Today it is the site of the Papal conclave, the process by which a new Pope is selected.

Get an extra information at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel

 

 

COLOSSEUM OF ROME

The Colosseum (Italy) or the Coliseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheatre is an elliptica amphiteatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering.

Occupying a site just east of the Roman Forum ,its construction started in 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under Titus, with further modifications being made during Domitians's reign (81–96). The name "Amphitheatrum Flavium" derives from both Vespasian's and Titus's family name (Flavius, from the gens Flavia).

Capable of seating 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classic mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colosseum

 

 

WESTERN WALL (Jerusalem, Israel)

The Western Wall, Wailing Wallor Kotel is located in the Old city of Jerusalemat the foot of the western side of the Temple Mount. It is a remnant of the ancient wall that surrounded the Jewish Temple’s courtyard, and is arguably the most sacred site recognized by the Jewish faith outside of the Temple Mount itself. Just over half the wall, including its 17 courses located below street level, dates from the end of the Second Templeperiod, commonly believed to have been constructed around 19 BCE by Herod the Great, but recent excavations indicate that the works were not finished during Herod's lifetime. The remaining layers were added from the 7th century onwards. The Western Wall refers not only to the exposed section facing a large plaza in the Jewish Quarter, but also to the sections concealed behind structures running along the whole length of the Temple Mount, such as the Little Western Wall –an 8meters section- in the Muslim Quarter.

Get an extra information at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Wall

 

 

 

ALEXANDRIA (Egypt)

The Lighthouse of Alexandria was a tower built between 280 and 247BC on the island of Pharos at Alexandria, Egypt. Its purpose was to guide sailors into the port of Alexandria. With a height variously estimated at somewhere between 120 and 140 meters, it was for many centuries among the tallest man-made structures on Earth. It was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Actually, in its place, there is the lighthouse of this photo.

Get an extra information at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse_of_Alexandria

 

 

RHODES (Greece)

The Royal Library of Alexandria, or Ancient Library of Alexandria, in Alexandria, Egypt, was the largest and most significant great library of the ancient world. It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynastyand functioned as a major center of scholarship from its construction in the 3rd century BC until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. The library was conceived and opened either during the reign off Ptolemy I Soter(323–283 BC) or during the reign of his son Ptolemy II (283–246 BC).

The Colossus of Rhodes was a statueof the Greek Titan Helios, erected in the city of Rhodeson the Greekisland of Rhodesby Chares of Lindosbetween 292 and 280 BC. It is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was constructed to celebrate Rhodes' victory over the ruler of Cyprus, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, whose son unsuccessfully besieged Rhodes in 305 BC. Before its destruction in 226 BC- due to an earthquake- the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 30 meters high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world. Actually, in its place, there is the lighthouse of this photo.

Get an extra information at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossus_of_Rhodes

 

 

BETHELEM (Palestine)

Bethlehem is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bankand approximately 8 kilometers south of Jerusalem, with a population of about 30,000 people. The Hebrew Bible identifies Bethlehem as the city of David was from and the location where he was crowned as the King of Israel. The New Testament identifies Bethlehem as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The town is inhabited by one of the oldest Christian communities in the world, although the size of the community has shrunk due to emigration.

The city was sacked by the Samaritansin 529, but rebuilt by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. Bethlehem was conquered by the Arab Califate of Umar ibn al-Khattabin 637, who guaranteed safety for the city's religious shrines. In 1099, Crusaders captured and fortified Bethlehem and replaced its Greek Orthodoxclergy with a Latin one. The Latin clergy were expelled after the city was captured by Saladin, the sultan of Egypt and Syria. With the coming of the Mamluks in 1250, the city's walls were demolished, and were subsequently rebuilt during the rule of the Ottoman Empire.

Get an extra information at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bethlehem

 

 

AGORA OF KOURION (Cyprus)

Kourion was a city in Cyprus, which endured from antiquity until the early Middle Ages. Kourion is situated on the south shores of the island to the west of the river and was recorded by numerous ancient authors including Ptolomy, Stephanus of Byzamtium, Hierocles, and Pliny the Elder. Today the site lies within the Aktrotiri Sovereing Base Area, which forms part part of the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kourion

 

 

PYRAMIDS OF GIZA

The Giza Necropolis (Egypt) is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. This complex of ancient monuments includes the three pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids, the massive sculpture known as the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village and an industrial complex. It is located some 9km inland into the desert from the old town of Giza on the Nile, some 25 km southwest of Cairo city centre. The pyramids, which have always loomed large as emblems of ancient Egypt in the Western imagination, were popularised in Hellenistic times, when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidonas one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is by far the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still in existence.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giza_Necropolis

 

 

THE TAJ MAHAL

The Taj Mahal (India) is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahanin memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage." Taj Mahal is the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Turkish and Indian architectural styles.

In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World heritage Site. While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal, it is actually an integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahal

Emperor Shah Jahan himself described the Taj in these words:

Should guilty seek asylum here,
Like one pardoned, he becomes free from sin.
Should a sinner make his way to this mansion,
All his past sins are to be washed away.
The sight of this mansion creates sorrowing sighs;
And the sun and the moon shed tears from their eyes.
In this world this edifice has been made;
To display thereby the creator's glory.

 

 

MACHU PICHU (PERU)

Machu Picchuis a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level. Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres northwest of Cusco. Most archaelogists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of the Inca world.

The Incas started building the "estate" around 1400, but abandoned it as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham. Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored.The restoration work continues to this day.

Since the site was never known to the Spanish during their conquest, it is highly significant as a relatively intact cultural site. Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Sitein 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the Worldin a worldwide Internet poll.

Get an extra information at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Pichu

 

 

Angkor Wat (Cambodia)

Angkor Wat is a Hindu, then subsequently Buddhist temple complex and the largest religious monument in the world. The temple was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura, the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum. Breaking from the Shaivism tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat was instead dedicated to Vishnu. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre since its foundation– first Hindu, then Buddhist. The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khemer architecture. It has become a symbol of Cambodia, appearing on its national flag, and it is the country's prime attraction for visitors.

Angkor Wat combines two basic plans of Khmer temple architecture: the temple mountain and the later galleried temple, based on early Dravidian Architecture, with key features such as the Jagati. It is designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindy mythology: within a moat and an outer wall 3.6 kilometres long are three rectangular galleries, each raised above the next. At the centre of the temple stands a quincunx of towers. Unlike most Angkorian temples, Angkor Wat is oriented to the west; scholars are divided as to the significance of this. The temple is admired for the grandeur and harmony of the architecture, its extensive bas-reliefs, and for the numerous devatas adorning its walls.

Get an extra info at   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angkor_Wat

 

 

Dubai (UAE)

Dubai is a city in the United Arab Emirates located within the emirate. The emirate of Dubai is located on the southeast coast of the Persian Gulf and is one of the seven emirates that make up the country. It has the largest population in the UAE (2,106,177) and the second-largest land territory by area (4,114km2) after Abu Dhabi, the national capital. Dubai and Abu Dhabi are the only two emirates to have veto power over critical matters of national importance in the country's legislature The city of Dubai is located on the emirate's northern coastline and heads up the Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area. Dubai is nowadays often misperceived as a country or city-state and, in some cases, the UAE as a whole has been described as 'Dubai'.

Burj Al Arab is a luxury hotel located in Dubai. At 321m (1,053ft), it is the fourth tallest hotel in the world. Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280m (920ft) from Jumeirah beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail of a ship. Sometimes referred to as "the world's only 7-Star hotel", its star rating is disputed.

Get an extra info at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dubai

 

 

Isla de Pascua  (Chile)

A moai (of the Rapa Nui moai, sculpture) is a statue of monolithic stone which only found in Easter Island or Rapa Nui, Chile. The more than 900 known moai carved by ancient rapa nui are distributed all over the island. Most of them were carved in Tuff of the volcanic cone Rano Raraku, where are more than 400 moai in different phases of construction. Everything indicates that the quarry was abandoned suddenly and they were statues to medium styling in the rock. Virtually all the moai finished, originally located on a platform, called ahu-language rapa nui, were subsequently brought down by native islanders in the period following the cessation of construction in the 15th century. Since 1956 a few of them have been restored.

Initially, these giant statues also carried a few Tufts or red stone of more than 10 tons of monkeys called pukao, which were extracted from the Puna Pau crater, sometimes very far from the statues. In addition, after they had to soar up to the proper height to place them over the heads.

Get an extra info at https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isla_de_Pascua

 

 

WONDERS OF MOTHER NATURE

Similar to the other lists of Wonders, there is no consensus on a list of Seven Natural Wonders of the World and there has been debate over how large the list should be. One of the many existing lists include Grand Canyon, Iceland, Sahara Desert, Dead Sea, Midnight' sun and Glaciers in Patagonia.

 

 

Grand Canyon in Arizona (U.S.A.)

The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the United States in the state of Arizona. It is contained within and managed by Grand Canyon National Park, the Hualapai Tribal Nation, and the Havasupai Tribe. It is considered one of the Seven natural Wonders of the World.

The Grand Canyon is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide and attains a depth of over a mile. Nearly two billion years of the Earth's geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted. While the specific geologic processes and timing that formed the Grand Canyon are the subject of debate by geologists, recent evidence suggests the Colorado River established its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago. Since that time, the Colorado River continued to erode and form the canyon to its present-day configuration.

For thousands of years, the area has been continuously inhabited by Native Americanswho built settlements within the canyon and its many caves. The Pueblo, people considered the Grand Canyon ("Ongtupqa" in Hopi language) a holy site and made pilgrimages to it. The first European known to have viewed the Grand Canyon was García López de Cárdenas from Spain, who arrived in 1540.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Canyon

 

 

The Hawaiian islands (U.S.A.)

The Hawaiian Islands are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and undersea seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some 1,500 miles from the island of Hawai'i in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll (the northwestern most island in Hawaii is Green Island, which is joined to the Kure Atoll). Excluding Midway, which is an unincorporated territory within the United States Minor Outlying Island, the Hawaiian Islands form the U.S. state of Hawaii. Once known as the "Sandwich Islands", the archipelago now takes its name from the largest island in the cluster.

The islands are the exposed peaks of a great undersea mountain range known as the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain, formed by volcanic activity over a hot spot in the Earth's mantle. The Hawaiian islands are about 1,860 miles from the nearest continent.Captain James Cook visited the islands on January 18, 1778 and named them the "Sandwich Islands" in honor of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, who was one of his sponsors as the First Lord of the Admiralty.The Hawaiian Islands have a total land area of 6,423.4 square miles. Except for Midway, these islands and islets are administered as the state of Hawaii— the 50th state of the United States of America.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawaii

 

 

North Cape in northernmost Norway & Europe

Nordkap, the english term is North Cape, is a cape on the island of Mageroya in Northern Norway. Its 307 metres high, steep cliff is often referred to as the northernmost point of Europe, located 2.102 kilometers from the North Pole. The North Cape is the point where the Norwegian sea, part of the Atlantic Ocean, meets the Barents sea, part of the Arctic ocean. The North Cape was named by english explorer Richard Chancelor in 1553 when he passed the cape in the search for a Northeast passage. Today, the North Cape is a major tourist attraction.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nordkapp

 

 

 

 

Heviz Spa (Hungary)

Hévíz Spa and the Szent András Hospital, Hévíz (St. Andrew's State Hospital for Rheumatology and Rehabilitation) is a spa in Hungary. It is located in Heviz, on the shores of the lake of the same name. The complex balneological treatment used in Heviz has been developed through the centuries as a unique kind of medical care. It is based on three principles:

  • natural curative effect of the lake
  • presence of professional medical care
  • medical diagnosis

The curative effect of the lake was probably known to the ancient Romans. Coins found in the lake in the early 1980s also support this supposition. Discoveries from the age of Migration suggest that the migrant German and Slavic population used the lake as well. Written sources more than 400 years old originate from the age of the Turkish invasion.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heviz

 

 

Pamukale (Turkey) 

Pamukale, meaning "cotton castle" in turkish, is a natural site in Denzil province in southwestern Turkey. The site contains hot springs and travertines, terraces of carbonate minerals left by the flowing water. It is located in Turkey's Inner Aegean region, in the River Menderes valley, which has a temperate climate for most of the year.The ancient Greco-Roman and Byzantine city of Hierapolis was built on top of the white "castle" which is in total about 2,700 metres long, 600 meters wide and 160 meters high. It can be seen from the hills on the opposite side of the valley in the town of Denizli, 20 km away.

Tourism is and has been a major industry. People have bathed in its pools for thousands of years. As recently as the mid-20th century, hotels were built over the ruins of Heropolis, causing considerable damage. An approach road was built from the valley over the terraces, and motor bikes were allowed to go up and down the slopes. When the area was declared a World Heritage Site, the hotels were demolished and the road removed and replaced with artificial pools. Wearing shoes in the water is prohibited to protect the deposits.Pamukkale's terraces are made of travertine, a sedimentary rock deposited by water from the hot springs.

In this area, there are 17 hot water springs in which the temperature ranges from 35 °C to100 °C.The water that emerges from the spring is transported 320 meters to the head of the travertine terraces and deposits calcium carbonate on a section 60 to 70 metres long covering an expanse of 240 meters to 300 meters. When the water, supersaturated with calcium carbonate, reaches the surface, carbon dioxide degasses from it, and calcium carbonate is deposited. The depositing continues until the carbon dioxide in the water balances the carbon dioxide in the air. Calcium carbonate is deposited by the water as a soft jelly, but this eventually hardens into travertine. This reaction is affected by the weather conditions, ambient temperature, and the flow duration.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pamukkale

 

 

Guilin (China R.P.)

Guilin is a prefecture-level-city in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of far Southern China, sitting on the west bank of the Li river. Its name means "forest of Sweet Osmanthus", owing to the large number of fragrant Sweet Osmanthus trees located in the city. The city has long been renowned for its unique scenery. The Li River originates in the Mao'er Mountains in Xing'an County and flows in the general southern direction through Guilin, Yangshuo and Pingle. In Pingle the Li River merges with two other streams, and continues south as the Gui River, which falls into the Xi Jiang.

The upper course of the River Li is connected by the ancient Linggu Canal with the Xiang River, which flows north into the Yangtze; this in the past made the Li and Gui Rivers part of a highly important waterway connecting the Yangtze Valley with the Pearl River Delta. The 437-kilometer course of the Li and Gui Rivers is flanked by green hills. Cormorant fishing is often associated with the Lijiang. Its unusual karst topography hillsides have often been compared to those at Halong Bay, Vietnam.

Get an extra info athttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guilin

 

 

Cliff of Moher (Ireland)

The Cliffs of Moher are located at the southwestern edge of the Burren region in Ireland. They rise 120 meters above the Atlantic ocean at Hag's Head, and reach their maximum height of 214 meter just north of O'Brien's Tower, eight kilometers to the north. The cliffs receive almost one million visitors a year. O'Brien's Tower is a round stone tower near the midpoint of the cliffs built in 1835 by Sir Cornelius O'Brien to impress female visitors. From the cliffs and from atop the watchtower, visitors can see the Aran islands in Galway Bay, the Maumturks and Twelve Pins mountain ranges to the north in County Galway and Loope Head to the south.

The Cliffs of Moher have appeared on film including in Leap Year (2010), The Princess Bride (1987),Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009), and in the television programme episodes of Father Ted called Tentacles of Doom and Cigarrettes and Calcohol and Rollerblading (1996). Most of singerDusty Springfield's ashes were scattered at the cliffs by her brother, Tom. The cliffs are mentioned in the Martin Scorsese film Bringing Out the Dead, and are noted in the 2008 documentary Waveriders as the location of a large surfing wave known as Alieens.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cliffs_of_Moher

 

 

 

Seychelles giant tortoise in Zanzibar (Tanzania)

The Seychelles giant tortoise has been thought to be extinct since the mid-19th century due to over exploitation on the granitic Seychelles islands. Similar giant tortoise species on other Indian Ocean islands such as Mauritius, Reunion and Rodrigues Island are also extinct. The only species of Indian Ocean giant tortoise to avoid this fate was the Aldabra giant tortoise due to its isolated location and 19th century conservation efforts.

This species inhabited islands of the Seychelles group, where it thrived on vegetation on the edges of marshes and streams. By 1840, it had disappeared from the wild and was assumed to be extinct. As a grazing species, it somewhat resembled the Aldabra tortoise with its domed shape.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seychelles_giant_tortoise

 

 

The Sahara desert

The Sahara is the world's largest hot desert and second largest desert, after Antartica. At over 9,400,000 square kilometers, it covers most of Northern Africa, making it almost as large as China or the United States. The Sahara stretches from the Rea sea, including parts of the Mediterranean coasts, to the outskirts of the Atlantic ocean. To the south, it is delimited by the Sahel, a belt of semi-arid tropical savanna that composes the northern region of central and western Sub-Saharan Africa. Some of the sand dunes can reach 180 metres in height. The name comes from the Arabic word for desert: (صَحراء arāʾ)).

The Sahara covers large parts of Algeria, Chad, Egupt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, morocco, nigel, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia. It is one of three distinct physiographic provinces of the African massive physiographic division. The desert landforms of the Sahara are shaped by wind or by occasional rains and include sand dunes and dune fields or sand seas (erg), stone plateaus (hamada), gravel plains (reg), dry valleys and salt flats (shatt or chott). Unusual landforms include the Richat Structure in Mauritania.

Several deeply dissected mountains and mountain ranges, many volcanic, rise from the desert, including the Air Mountains, Ahaggar Mountains, Saharan Atlas, Tibesti Mountains, Adrar des Iforas and the Red Sea hills. The highest peak in the Sahara is Emi Koussi, a shield volcano in the Tibesti range of northern Chad. Most of the rivers and streams in the Sahara are seasonal or intermittent, the chief exception being the Nile River, which crosses the desert from its origins in central Africa to empty into the Mediterranean. Underground aquifers sometimes reach the surface, forming oases, including the Bahariya, Ghardaïa, Timimoun, Kufrah and Siwah.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sahara

 

 

 

 

Giant's Causeway (Northern Ireland)

The Giant's Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption. It is located in County Antrimon the northeast coast of Northern Ireland, about three miles northeast of the town of Bushmills. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986.The tops of the columns form stepping stones that lead from the cliff foot and disappear under the sea. Most of the columns are hexagonal, although there are also some with four, five, seven and eight sides. The tallest are about 12 metres high, and the solidified lava in the cliffs is 28 meters thick in places.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant%27s_Causeway

Some years later I came back with some friends to Giant's Causeway again

 

 

Eurasia & North America tectonic plates in Iceland

Iceland is one of the most active volcanic regions in the world, with eruptions occurring on average roughly every three years (in the 20th century there were 39 volcanic eruptions on and around Iceland). About a third of the basaltic lavas erupted in recorded history have been produced by Icelandic eruptions. Notable eruptions have included that of Eldgjá, a fissure of Katla, in 984 (the world's largest basaltic eruption ever witnessed), Laki in 1783 (the world's second largest), and several eruptions beneath ice caps, which have generated devastating glacial burts, most recently in 2010 after the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull.

Iceland's location astride the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the Eurasian and North American Plates are moving apart, is partly responsible for this intense volcanic activity, but an additional cause is necessary to explain why Iceland is a substantial island while the rest of the ridge mostly consists of seamounts, with peaks below sea level.

As well as being a region of higher temperature than the surrounding mantle, it is also believed to have a higher concentration of water. The presence of water in magma reduces the melting temperature, and this may also play a role in enhancing Icelandic volcanism.

Get an extra info athttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland_hotspot

 

 

The Blue Lagoon (Iceland) 

The Blue Lagoon geothermal spa is one of the most visited attractions in Iceland. The steamy waters are part of a lava formation. The spa is located in a lava field in Grindavik on the Reykjanes Peninsula, southwestern Iceland. The Blue Lagoon spa and geothermal complex is clearly visible from any of the usual satellite imagery sources at coordinates (63.880, -22.449). The warm waters are rich in minerals like silica and sulphur and bathing in the Blue Lagoon is reputed to help some people suffering from skin diseases such as psoriasis. The water temperature in the bathing and swimming area of the lagoon averages 37–39°C. The Blue Lagoon also operates a Research and Development facility to help find cures for other skin ailments using the mineral-rich water.

The lagoon is fed by the water output of the nearby geothermal power plant Svartsengi and is renewed every 2 days. Superheated water is vented from the ground near a lava flow and used to run turbines that generate electricity. After going through the turbines, the steam and hot water passes through a heat exchanger to provide heat for a municipal hot water heating system. Then the water is fed into the lagoon for recreational and medicinal users to bathe in. Iceland has a strict code of hygiene and guests are required to shower without clothing in the communal shower area before and after bathing. It is claimed that in June 2007 the Blue Lagoon appeared green, bewildering both residents and tourists of Iceland.

The Blue Lagoon was used as the pit stop for the first leg of The Amazing Race 6. The Blue Lagoon was used for the thermal spa scenes in the filming of Hostel; Part II. It was also shown in the Incubus documentary Look Alive, when the band visited Iceland. It was also shown in fifth cycle of Britain's Next Top Model which used as photoshoot location.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Lagoon_%28geothermal_spa%29

 

 

 

Antartica

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole. It is situated in the Antartic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antartic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14.0 million square km, it is the fifth-largest continent in area after Asia, Africa, North and South America. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages at least 1.6km in thickness.

An iceberg is a large piece of ice from freshwater that has broken off from a snow-formed glacier or ice shelf and is floating in open water. It may subsequently become frozen into pack ice. Alternatively, it may come to rest on the seabed in shallower water, causing ice scour (also known as ice gouging) or becoming an ice island. Because the density of pure ice is about 920 kg/cubic meter, and that of sea walter about 1025kg/m³, typically only one-ninth of the volume of an iceberg is above water. The shape of the underwater portion can be difficult to judge by looking at the portion above the surface. This has led to the expression "tip of the iceberg", for a problem or difficulty that is only a small manifestation of a larger problem.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icebergandhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antartica

 

 

Perito Moreno Glacier (Argentina)

The Perito Moreno Glacier is a glacier located in the Los Glaciares National Park in the south west of Argentina. It is one of the most important tourist attractions in the Argentine Patagonia. The 250km² ice formation, and 30km in length, is one of 48 glaciers fed by the Southern Patagonian Ice Field located in the Andes system shared with Chile. This icefield is the world's third largest reserve of fresh water. The Perito Moreno Glacier is one of only three Patagonian glaciers that is growing. The reason remains debated by glaciologists. The terminus of the Perito Moreno Glacier is 5 kilometres wide, with an average height of 74m above the surface of the water of Lake Argentino, in Argentina. It has a total ice depth of 170 meterss

Periodically the glacier advances over the L-shaped "Lago Argentino" forming a natural dam which separates the two halves of the lake when it reaches the opposite shore. With no escape route, the water-level on the Brazo Rico side of the lake can rise by up to 30 meters above the level of the main lake. The enormous pressure produced by the height of the dammed water finally breaks the ice barrier holding it back, in a spectacular rupture event. This dam/rupture cycle is not regular and it recurs naturally at any frequency between once a year to less than once a decade.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perito_Moreno_Glacier

 

 

Patagonia (South America)

Patagonia is a sparsely populated region located at the southern end of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile. The region comprises the southern section of the Andes mountains as well as the deserts, steppes and grasslands east of this southern portion of the Andes. Patagonia has two coasts; a western one towards the Pacific Ocean and an eastern one towards the Atlantic Ocean.

The Colorado and Barrancas rivers, which run from the Andes to the Atlantic, are commonly considered the northern limit of Argentine Patagonia. Tierra del Fuego, and sometimes the Falkland Islands are included as part of Patagonia. Most geographers and historians locate the northern limit of Chilean Patagonia at Reloncaví Estuary to the South Chilean.Patagonia is usually extended to the Straits of Magellan or prolonged to the Cape Horn.

  Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patagonia

 

 

Iguazu Falls (Argentina and Brazil)

Iguazu Falls are waterfalls of the Iguazu river located on the border of the Brazilian State of Paraná and the Argentine Province of Misiones. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu. The Iguazu River originates near the city of Curitiba. It flows through Brazil for most of its course. Below its confluence with the San Antonio River, the Iguazu River forms the boundary between Brazil and Argentina.

The name "Iguazu" comes from the Guarani wordsy meaning "water", andûasú, meaning "big". Legend has it that a god planned to marry a beautiful woman namedNaipí, who fled with her mortal loverTarobáin a canoe. In rage the god sliced the river, creating the waterfalls and condemning the lovers to an eternal fall. The first European to find the falls was the Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1541.

About half of the river's flow falls into a long and narrow chasm called the Devil's Throat (Garganta del Diabloin Spanish). The Devil's Throat is U-shaped, 82-meter-high, 150-meter-wide, and 700-meter-long. Place names have been given also to many other smaller falls, such as San Martin Falls, Bossetti Falls and many others.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iguazu_Falls

 

 

The Dead Sea (Jordan and Israel)

The Dead Sea is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. Its surface and shores are 423 metres below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 377 meters deep, the deepest hyper saline lake in the world. With 33.7% salinity, it is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water. It is 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 67 kilometers long and 18 kilometers wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River.

The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean for thousands of years. Biblically, it was a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetic and herbal sachets. In 2009, 1.2 million foreign tourists visited on the Israeli side. The sea has a density of 1.24kg/L,which makes swimming similar to floating as I do in the right photo.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Sea

 

 

Caribbean islands

The Caribbean is a crescent-shaped group of islands more than 2,000 miles long separating the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, to the west and south, from the Atlantic Ocean, to the east and north. From the peninsula of Florida on the mainland of the United States, the islands stretch 1,200 miles southeastward, then 500 miles south, then west along the north coast of Venezuela on the South American mainland.

Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate, the region comprises more than 7,000 islands, islets, reefs and cays. These islands, called the West Indies, generally form island arcs that delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea.The region consists of the Antilles, divided into the larger Greater Antilles which bound the sea on the north, the Lesser Antilles on the south and east, the Bahamas and theTurks and Caicos islands.

Geopolitically, the Caribbean islands are usually regarded as a subregion of North America and are organized into 30 territories includings overeign states, overseas departments and dependencies. From January 3, 1958, to May 31, 1962, there was a short-lived country called the Federation of the West Indies composed of ten English-speaking Caribbean territories, all of which were then UK dependencies. The West Indies cricket team continues to represent many of those nations.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cayman_Islands

 

 

Swimming with Manta Rays (The Caribbean)

The genus Manta contains two species of manta rays: the reef Manta Ray and the Giant Oceanic Manta Raywhich are the largest species of the rays in the family Mobulidae, and the largest rays in the world. The largest recorded oceanic manta specimen was more than 7.6 meters across, with a weight of about 2,400 kilograms, while reef mantas are typically 3 metres to 4 meters in disc width, with a maximum possible size of about 4.5 meters.

Manta rays are circumglobal and are typically found in tropical and subtropical waters, although oceanic manta rays can be found in temperate waters. Oceanic mantas reside in deep water, pelagic zones, making periodic visits to cleaning stations at seamounts and coastal reefs. Minimal concrete information exists on oceanic manta movements, but they are generally believed to be more transient and migratory than the smaller reef mantas, which tend to be resident to shallower coastal habitats. Manta rays have the largest brain-to-body ratio of the sharks, rays and skates, with ratios approaching what is expected in mammals rather than in fish.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manta_ray

 

 

Midnight' sun (sailing the Artic Ocean in summer)

The midnight sun is a natural phenomenon occurring in summer months atlatitudes north and nearby to the north of the Artic Circle, and south and nearby to the south of the Antartic Circle where the sun remains visible at the local midnight. Given fair weather, the sun is visible for a continuous 24 hours, mostly north of the Arctic Circle and south of the Antarctic Circle. The number of days per year with potential midnight sun increases the farther pole ward one goes from the equator. Although approximately defined by the polar circles, in practice midnight sun can be seen as much as 90 km beyond the polar circle, because the sun is a disk and not a point, and the exact latitudes of the farthest reaches of midnight sun depend on topography and vary slightly year-to-year.The opposite phenomenon, polar night, occurs in winter when the sun stays below the horizon through out the day.

Since the Earth's axis is tilted with respect to the ecliptic by approximately 23 degrees 27 minutes, the sun does not set at high latitudes in (local) summer. The duration of the midnight sun increases from one day during the summer solstice at the polar circle to approximately six months at the poles. At extreme latitudes, it is usually referred to aspolar day. The length of the time the sun is above the horizon varies from a couple of days at the Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle to 186 days at the poles.

At the poles themselves, the sun only rises once and sets once each year. During the six months when the sun is above the horizon at the poles, the sun spends the days constantly moving around the horizon, reaching its highest circuit of the sky at the summer solstice.

Due to refraction, the midnight sun may be experienced at latitudes slightly below the polar circle, though not exceeding one degree (depending on local conditions). For example, it is possible to experience the midnight sun in Iceland, even though most of it (Grimseybeing a notable exception) is slightly south of the Arctic Circle. Even the northern extremities of Scotland (and those places on similar latitudes) experience a permanent "dusk" or glare in the northern skies at these times.

According to Visit Norway the midnight sun is visible at the Artic Circle from June 12 until July 27. The further north one goes the longer this period extends.At North Cape, Norway, known as the northernmost point of Continental Europe this period extends approximately from May 14 to July 29. On the Svalbard archipelago further north this period extends from April 20 to August 22.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midnight_sun

 

 

 

Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)

Ha Long Bay is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a popular travel destination, located in Quang Ninh province, Vietnam. The bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various sizes and shapes. Ha Long Bay is a center of a larger zone which includes Bai Tu Long bay to the northeast, and Cát Bà islands to the southwest. These larger zones share similar geological, geographical, geomorpholical, climate and cultural characters.

Ha Long Bay has an area of around 1,553km2, including 1,960–2,000 islets, most of which are limestone. The core of the bay has an area of 334km2 with a high density of 775 islets. The limestone in this bay has gone through 500 million years of formation in different conditions and environments. The evolution of the karst in this bay has taken 20 million years under the impact of the tropical wet climate. The geo-diversity of the environment in the area has created biodiversity, including a tropical evergreen biosystem, oceanic and sea shore biosystem. Ha Long Bay is home to 14 endemic floral species and 60 endemic faunal species.

Get an extra info athttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ha_Long_Bay

 

 

Sunrise from my summer appartment ( no comment)

 

 

WHAT A WONDERFUL WORLD!

 

My twin daughters

Four generations

My granddaughter Candela

 

 

Football, football, football

FIFA FOOTBALL WORLD CUP 2010

2010 was a special year for the Spanish national football team. Spain became the champion of the world in the championship held that summer in the Republic of South Africa. I had the opportunity of having this photo taken with the magnificent golden cup won by Spain and although it has nothing to do with amateur radio, I believe this trophy deserves a spot on this page.

 

 

 

Seoul Olympic Stadium 

The Seoul Olympic Stadium is located in Seoul, South Korea. It is the main stadium built for the 1988 Olimpic Games and the 10th Asian Games in 1986. It is the centerpiece of the Jamsil Sports Complex in the Songpa-gu District, in the southeast of the city south of the Han river. The stadium was designed by Kim Swoo Geun. The lines of the stadium's profile imitate the elegant curves of a Korean Joseon Dynasty porcelain vase. Spectator seats are distributed on two tiers, totally covered. Initially built with a capacity of approximately 100,000, today it seats 70,091.

Prior to its construction, Seoul's largest venues were Dongdaemun Stadium and Hyochang Stadium. Seating 30,000 and 20,000 respectively, they were too small to attract world-class sporting events. Construction on the new stadium began in 1977 with the aim of staging the Asian Games in 1986. However, when Seoul was awarded the Games of the XXIV Olympiad in September 1981, this stadium became the centerpiece. The stadium opened on 29 September 1984, and served as the site for the 10th Asian Games two years later, then the Olympics in 1988. However, it was not used to stage a major world event since then. It is currently used as the home stadium of Seoul United FC in the Challengers League.

The events hosted by the stadium during the Olympics were the Opening and Closing Ceremonies, athletics, the football finals, and the equestrian jumping individual final.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympic_Stadium_%28Seoul%29

 

 

Real Madrid C.F.

Real Madrid Club of Football. Speaking of Real Madrid C.F. is talk about the best team in the world. Without more. I have attended many matches at Stadium Santiago Bernabeu in Madrid and I have also had the opportunity to visit the impressive Hall of trophies. The picture above on the right is on the occasion of one of these visits.

GEt an extra info at http://www.realmadrid.com 

and  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_Madrid_C.F.

 

 

La Bombonera (Boca Juniors), Buenos Aires

The Estadio Alberto J. Armando is a stadium located in the La Boca district of Buenos Aires. Widely known asLa Bombonera (English: the Chocolate Box) due to its shape, with a "flat" stand on one side of the pitch and three steep stands round the rest of the stadium. It has a capacity of 49,000. The stadium is owned by Boca Juniors, one of Argentina's most famous football clubs. The unusual shape of the stadium has led to it having excellent acoustics and the Boca support being nicknamed "La Doce" (The 12th man).

Three sides of the Bombonera are made up of traditional stands. However, the fourth side had to be built vertically, with several seating areas stacked one on top of the other, to stay within the stadium's property. La Bombonera is renowned for vibrating when fans start to jump in rhythm. In particular, the unique vertical side will sway slightly, leading to the phrase " La Bombonera doesn't shake: it beats (like a heart)." (Spanish: La Bombonera no tiembla. Late). The pitch at La Bombonera is the minimum length required under FIFA regulations - 105m x 68m.

As well as being the home of Boca Juniors the stadium is also used as a concert venue, with the likes of Lenny Kravitz, Elton John, James Blunt, Bee Gees, Backstreet Boys and Cast having performed there.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estadio_Alberto_J._Armando

 

 

Anfield, site of Liverpool F.C.

Liverpool Football Club is an English premier league football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside. Liverpool was founded in 1892 and admitted into the Football League the following year. The club has played at its home ground, Anfield, since its founding, and the team has played in an all-red home strips since 1964. Domestically, Liverpool has won eighteen league titles - the second most in English football - as well as seven FA Cups, a record eight League Cups and fifteen FA Community Shields. Liverpool has also won more European Titles than any other English club, with five European Cups, three UEFA Cups and three UEFA Super Cups. The most successful period in Liverpool's history was the 1970s and 1980s.

The club's supporters have been involved in two major tragedies: the 1985 Heysel Stadium disaster, in which charging Liverpool fans caused a wall to collapse, killing 39 Juventus supporters, and the 1989 Hillsborough disaster, where 96 Liverpool supporters lost their lives due to a crush against perimeter fencing. Liverpool has long-standing rivalries with both city neighbours Everton, and cross-city Manchester United. The club's anthem is "You'll Never Walk Alone". As of 2012, Liverpool is the eighth-most valuable football team in the world.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liverpool_F.C

 

 

Formula One is Ferrari

Formula One, also known as Formula 1 or F1 and referred to officially as the FIA Formula One World Championship, is the highest class of single seater auto racing sanctioned by the Federation International de l'Automobile(FIA). The "formula", designated in the name, refers to a set of rules with which all participants' cars must comply.The F1 season consists of a series of races, known as Grand Prix (from French, originally meaning grand prizes), held on purpose-built circuitsand public roads. The results of each race are combined with a points system to determine two annual World Championships, one for the driversand one for the constructors. The racing drivers, constructor teams, track officials, organizers, and circuits are required to be holders of valid Super Licences, the highest class of racing licence issued by the FIA.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formula_One

Ferrari S.p.A. is an Italian sport carsmanufacturer based in Maranello, Italy. Founded by Enzo Ferrariin 1929, as Scuderia Ferrari, the company sponsored drivers and manufactured race cars before moving into production of street-legal vehicles as Ferrari S.p.A.Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it has had great success. Ferrari road cars are generally seen as a symbol of luxury and wealth.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferrari

 

 

Marrakesh and the snakes

 

 

Reno & Las Vegas (United States)

Reno is the county seat of Washoe County, Nevada, United States. The city has a population of about 220,500 and is the most populous Nevada city outside of the Las Vegas metropolitan area. It sits in a high desert valley at the foot of the Sierra Nevada. Reno, known as The Biggest Little City in the World, is famous for its casinos, and is the birthplace of the gaming corporation Harrah's Entertainment.

Las Vegas is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Nevada. Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city for gambling, shopping, and fine dining. The city bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World, and is famous for its consolidatedcasino-hotels and associated entertainment. Established in 1905, Las Vegas was incorporated as a city in 1911. At the close of the 20th century, Las Vegas was the most populous American city founded in that century (a distinction held by Chicago in the 19th century). The city's tolerance for various forms of adult entertainment earned it the title of Sin City, and this image has made Las Vegas a popular setting for films and television programs. There are numerous outdoor lighting displays on Freemont Street, as well as elsewhere in the city.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reno,_Nevada 

and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Las_Vegas

 

 

Artic Circle (Norway) 

The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of theEarth. For Epoch 2012, it is the parallel of latitude that runs 66°3344 north of the Equator. The region north of this circle is known as the Artic, and the zone just to the south is called the Northern Temperate Zone. The equivalent polar circle in the Southern Hemisphere is called the Antartic Circle.

The Arctic Circle marks the southern extremity of the polar day (24-hour sunlit day, often referred to as the "midnight sun") and polar night (24-hour sunless night). North of the Arctic Circle, the sun is above the horizon for 24 continuous hours at least once per year and below the horizon for 24 continuous hours at least once per year. On the Arctic Circle those events occur, in principle, exactly once per year, at the June and December solstices, respectively. In fact, because of atmosferic refraction and because the sun appears as a disk and not a point, part of the midnight sun may be seen on the night of the northern summer solstice up to about 50 (90km) south of the Arctic Circle; similarly, on the day of the n orther winter solstice, part of the sun may be seen up to about 50 north of the Arctic Circle. That is true at sea level; those limits increase with elevation above sea level although in mountainous regions, there is often no direct view of the true horizon.

The position of the Arctic Circle is not fixed, but directly depends on the Earth'saxial tilt, which fluctuates within a margin of 2° over a 40,000 year period, notably due to tidal forces resulting from the orbit of the Moon. The Arctic Circle is currently drifting northwards at a speed of about 15m per year.

Get an extra info athttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artic_Circle

 

 

Tip the Orchilla or Orchilla Cape is the westernmost point of the island of El Hierro, Canary Islands and Spain. It is located in the municipality of El Pinar de El Hierro.

The French established the Meridian 0 at this point in 1634. In 1724, a trip was conducted from that country to establish its exact location. On many maps of the centuries XVI and XVII is the meridian of Orchilla Meridian 0. The lighthouse was built on the top of the line representing the Meridian.

The meridian of El Hierro was one of the most commonly used until the final change for the city of Greenwich in 1885, during a Conference in Washington. For this reason, the island of El Hierro is also known as the island of the Meridian.

 

 

Taj Mahal in India?. Not! It's Legoland (Danmark)

Legoland is a chain of Lego-themed theme parks. They are not fully owned by Lego Groupitself; rather they are owned and operated by the Britishtheme park company Merlin Entertainment.Legoland in Billund, Denmark,is the oldest. It is divided into nine different worlds: DuploLand, Imagination Zone, LEGOREDO Town, Adventure Land, Miniland, Pirate Land, Lego City, Knights Kingdom and Viking land. The park opened in 1968and has 1.6 million visitors annually, making it the largest tourist attraction in Denmark outside Copenhagen.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legoland

 

 

Eurodisney (France)

Disneyland Paris is a holiday and recration resort in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. The complex is located 32 km. from the centre of Paris.Disneyland Paris is composed of two theme parks, a retail, dining and entertainmentdistrict, and seven Disney-owned hotels. Operating since 12 April 1992, it was the second Disney resort toopen outside the United Statesand the first to be owned and operated by Disney.The complex was a subject of controversyduring the periods of negotiation and construction in the late 1980s and early '90s, when a number of prominent French figures voiced their opposition and protests wereheld by French labor unionsand others. A further set back followed the opening of the resort as park attendance, hotel occupancy and revenues fell below projections. The complex was renamed from Euro Disney Resort to Disneyland Paris in 1994. In July 1995, the company saw its first quarterly profit.

A second theme park, Walt Disney Studios Park, opened to the public 16 March 2002. With 15,405,000 combined visitors to the resort's Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Parkin the fiscal year of 2009, it is France's and Europe's most visited themed attraction.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurodisney

 

 

Manneken Pis (Belgium)

Manneken Pis is a famous Brussels landmark. It is a small bronze fountain sculpture depicting a naked little boy urinating into the fountain's basin. It was designed by Jerome Duquesnoy and put in place in 1618 or 1619. It bears a similar cultural significance as Copenhagen's Little Mermaid. The figure has been repeatedly stolen; the current statue is a copy from 1965. The original is kept at the Maison du Roi/Broodhuis on the Grand Place. There are several legends behind this statue, but the most famous is the one about Duke Godfrey III of Leuven. In 1142, the troops of this two-year-old lord were battling against the troops of the Berthouts, the lords of Grimbergen. The troops put the infant lord in a basket and hung the basket in a tree to encourage them. From there, the boy urinated on the troops of the Berthouts, who eventually lost the battle.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manneken-Pis

 

 

Hang gliding in Lake Ballaton (Hungary)

Lake Balaton is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary. It is the largest lake in Central Europe and one of its foremost tourist destinations. As Hungary is landlocked (its coastline was severed after World War I), Lake Balaton is often affectionately called the "Hungarian Sea". The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalized Sió is the only outflow.

The mountainous region of the northern shore is known both for its historic character and as a major wine region, while the flat southern shore is known for its resort towns. Balatonfüred and Heviz developed early as resorts for the wealthy, but it wasn't until the late 19th century when landowners, with their vines destroyed by lice, began building summer homes to rent out to the burgeoning middle classes.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Balaton 

and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hang_gliding

 

 

 

 

Do you find me? 

I am in this group in the front door entry of The Terracota Army or the "Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses". It is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary artburied with the emperor in 210–209 BC and whose purpose was to protect the emperor in his after life, and to make sure that he had people to rule over. The figures, dating from 3rd century BC, were discovered in 1974 by some local farmers in Lintong District, Xi'an, near the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor.

The figures vary in height according to their roles, with the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Current estimates are that in the three pits containing the Terracotta Army there were over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which are still buried in the pits.Other terracotta non-military figures were also found in other pits and they include officials, acrobats, strongmen and musicians.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terracotta_army

 

 

 

Hill of Crosses (Lithuania)

The Hill of Crosses or Kryziy Kalnas is a site ofpilgrimage about 12 km north of the city of Siauliai, in northern Lithuania. The precise origin of the practice of leaving crosses on the hill is uncertain, but it is believed that the first crosses were placed on the former Jurgaičiai or Domantai Hill fort after the 1831 Uprising. Over the centuries, not only crosses but giant crucifixes carvings of Lithuanian patriots, statues of the Virgin Mary and thousands of tiny effigies and rosaries have been brought here by Catholic pilgrims. The exact number of crosses is unknown, but estimates put it at about 55,000 in 1990 and 100,000 in 2006.

Over the centuries, the place has come to signify the peaceful endurance of Lithuanian Catholicism despite the threats it faced throughout history. After the 3rd partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795, Lithuania became part of the Russian Empire. Poles and Lithuanians unsuccessfully rebelled against Russian authorities in 1831 and 1863. These two uprisings are connected with the beginnings of the hill: as families could not locate bodies of perished rebels, they started putting up symbolic crosses in place of a former hill fort.

When the old political structure of Eastern Europe fell apart in 1918, Lithuania once again ceclared its independence. Throughout this time, the Hill of Crosses was used as a place for Lithuanians to pray for peace, for their country, and for the loved ones they had lost during the Wars of Independence.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hill_of_Crosses

 

 

Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland

Rosslyn Chapel, properly named the Collegiate Chapel of St Matthew, was founded on a small hill above Roslin Glen as a Catholic collegiate church (with between four and six ordained canons and two boy choristers) in the mid-15th century. Rosslyn Chapel and the nearby Roslin Castle are located at the village of Roslin, Scotland. The chapel was founded by William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness (also spelled "Sainteclaire/Saintclair/Sinclair/St. Clair") of the Sinclair family, a noble family descended from Norman knights from the commune of Saint-Clair sur Epte in northern France, using the standard designs the medieval architects made available to him. Rosslyn Chapel is the third Sinclair place of worship at Roslin - the first being in Roslin Castle and the second (whose crumbling buttresses can still be seen today) in what is now Roslin Cemetery.

The purpose of the college was to celebrate the Divine Office throughout the day and night and also to celebrate Holy Mass for all the faithful departed, including the deceased members of the Sinclair family. During this period the rich heritage of plainsong (a single melodic line) or polyphony (vocal harmony) would be used to enrich the singing of the liturgy. An endowment was made that would pay for the upkeep of the priests and choristers in perpetuity and they also had parochial responsibilities.

After the Scopttish Reformation (1560) Catholic worship in the Chapel was brought to an end, although the Sinclair family continued to be Roman Catholics until the early 18th century. From that time the Chapel was closed to public worship until 1861 when it was opened again as a place of worship according to the rites of the Scottish Episcopal Church. In later years the Chapel has featured in speculative theories regarding Freemasonry and the Knights Templar. An extensive programme of conservation is currently underway.

The Chapel is the setting for part of Dan Brown's 2003 novel The Da Vinci Code (and for part of the subsequent 2006 film of the same name.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosslyn_Chapel

 

 

 

 

Have you ever seen two lighthouses in the same place?

The lighthouse of Fuencaliente is located in the south part of La Palma island, in the Canary islands, in the villa of Fuencaliente. It is seatled in the Parque Natural of Cumbre Vieja and around you can find the Saline of Fuencaliente, the beaches of the lighthouses and the old Saint Fountain.Really, there are two lighthouses. One of them was built at the begining of the XX century and during the eruption of vulcano Teneguia suffered much damages. It was the reason to build another one after the eruption and rebuilt the old one and use it as Center of Studies to the sea life of Isla de la Palma.

Get an extra info at http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faro_de_Fuencaliente

 

 

NORWEGIAN CITY NAMED "A"

In my business and tourism travels, I have found places, anecdotes, characters and other very unique things all of which merit photographing and saving as a special remembrance. In this photo, I am at the entrance of the city called “A”, located in the Northern Norwegian archipelago of Lofoten, lying within the Arctic Circle. Do you know of any city name shorter than this one?.

 

 

Feedings seagulls in the Artic

 

 

THE LAST KILOMETER IN THE ROAD TO TIERRA DE FUEGO IN ARGENTINA

This photo indicates the mileage point 3.079, located in Tierra Fuego (Argentina), and marks the last kilometer of the longest highway of Argentina and close to the Beagle Channel. Have you even seen a kilometer number as this pole?

 

 

Jordan River (Israel)

The Jordan River is a 251 kilometers long river in West Asia Flowing to the Dead Sea. Currently, the river serves as the eastern border of the State of Israel and of the disputed Palestinian Territories. In Christian tradition, Jesus was baptised in it by John the Baptist. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan takes its name from this river.

In the Hebrew Bible the Jordan is referred to as the source of fertility to a large plain and it is said to be like "the garden of Good" (Genesis 13:10). There is no regular description of the Jordan in the Bible; only scattered and indefinite references to it are given. Jacob crossed it and its tributary, the Jabbok (the modern Al-Zarqa), to reach Haran (Genesis 32:11, 32:23-24). It is noted as the line of demarcation between the "two tribes and the half tribe" settled to the east (Numbers 34:15) and the "nine tribes and the half tribe of Manasseh" that, led by Joshua, settled to the west (Joshua 13:7, passim).

I brought several bottles of water from the Jordan River to be baptized to my future grandchildren.

Get an extra info at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jordan_River

 

 

China?. Not! It is Liverpool, in UK

The Chinatown in Liverpool, England,is located near the city centre'ssouthern edge close to Liverpool Cathedral, and is home to the oldest Chinese community in Europe.The arch located at the gateway is also the largest, multiple-span arch of its kind outside of China, the largest single-span arch being located in Washington D.C.2007 estimates state 1.7% of Liverpool's population as being of full Chinesedescent (some 7,400 people), making it the city's single largest non-White ethnic group.The International Organization for Migration, by contrast, has estimated that the number of Chinese people in Liverpool could range between 25,000 and 35,000.

Get an extra info athttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinatown,_Liverpool 

and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liverpool

 

The bottom in the World: Ushuaia (Tierra de Fuego) 

Ushuaia is the capital city of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. It is commonly regarded as the southermost city in the world. Ushuaia is located in a wide bayon the southern coast of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, bounded on the north by the Martial mountainrange and on the south by the Beagle Channel. It is the only municipality in the Department of Ushuaia, which has an area of 9,390 square kilometers.

Get an extra info at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ushuaia

 and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tierra_del_Fuego

 

 

 

TRAVELING  AROUND  THE  WORLD

(  NO  COMMENTS )

 

Mekness

 

Volubilis

 

 

Luzerne  (Switzerland)

 

Mérida  (Spain)

 

San Francisco  (U.S.A.)

Copenhaggen 

 

Oslo  

 

Amsterdam

 

Brussels

 

Wales

 

Berlin

 

Luxemboutg

Auswitz

Budapest

Eztergom

Praha

Mexico

Monaco

Pisa

Malta

Dresden

Leipzig

Munich

Nurenberg

Riga

Tallin

Belfast

Edimburg

Dublin

Donnerbache

Funchal

Kirwall

Shetland island

Trondheim

Cap Dra

Marrakesh

Taroudan

Stockholm

Buenos Aires

Havana

Bratislava

Jaipur

This place is the wall that my qsl shows

 

To be continued..............................
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7824000 Last modified: 2017-01-11 09:05:34, 292795 bytes

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