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GB0USR

Golf Bravo Zero United States Rangers           

Monday 19th June

Operating from US Rangers Centre Carrickfergus Northern ireland.

United States Army Rangers 75th Anniversary

Operating on open HF bands,  DMR( BM and Phoenix/D Marc ) and D Star

From 0900Z  QSL only via GI0BFO on EQSL

 

 

Today’s modern Rangers can trace their lineage back to the establishment of the 1st Ranger Battalion on June 19, 1942 in Carrickfergus, Northern Ireland. Throughout the war, Army Rangers from the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th 5th, 6th, and the 29th Ranger Battalions, as well as the 75th Ranger Regiment, distinguished themselves in some of the war’s most famous battles. In China, Burma, India, Tunisia, the Philippines and Europe, the Rangers  lived up to their proud heritage. Brigadier General Norman Cota said it best at Omaha Beach, “Well, god damn it, if you’re Rangers, lead the way!” And they did.

 

 
WORLD WAR TWO 1st RANGER BATTALION
 
 With America's entry into the Second World War, Rangers came forth to add to the pages of history. Major General Lucian K. Truscott, U.S. Army Liaison with the British General Staff, submitted proposals to General George Marshal that "we undertake immediately an American unit along the lines of the British Commandos" on May 26, 1942. A cable from the War Department quickly followed to Truscott and Major General Russell P. Hartle, commanding all Army Forces in Northern Ireland, authorizing the activation ofthe First U.S. Army Ranger Battalion. The name RANGER was selected by General Truscott "because the name Commandos rightfully belonged to the British, and we sought a name more typically American.It was therefore fit that the organization that was destined to be the first of the American Ground Forces to battle Germans on the European continent should be called Rangers in compliment to those in American history who exemplified the high standards of courage, initiative, determination and ruggedness, fighting ability and achievement." After much deliberation, General Hartle decided that his own aid-de-camp Captain William Orlando Darby, a graduate of West Point with amphibious training was the ideal choice. This decision was highly approved by General Truscott who rated Darby as "outstanding in appearance, possessed of a most attractive personality....and filled with enthusiasm." Promoted to Major, Darby performed a near miracle in organizing the unit within a few weeks after receiving his challenging assignment. Thousands of applicants from the 1st Armored Division and the 34th Infantry Division and other units in Northern Ireland were interviewed by his hand picked officers,and after a strenuous weeding out program at Carrickfergus, the First Ranger Battalion was officially activated there on June 19, 1942. But more rugged and realistic training with live ammunition was in store for the Rangers at the famed Commando Training Center at Achnacarry, Scotland. Coached, prodded and challenged by the battle seasoned Commando instructors, commanded by Colonel Charles Vaughan, the Rangers learned the rudiments of Commando warfare. Five hundred of the six hundred volunteers that Darby brought with him to Achnacarry survived the Commando training with flying colors, although one Ranger was killed and several wounded by live fire. Meanwhile 44 enlisted men and five officers took part in the Dieppe Raid sprinkled among the Canadians and the British Commandos, the first American ground soldiers to see action against the Germans in occupied Europe. Three Rangers were killed, several captured and all won the commendation and esteem of the Commandos. Under the inspired leadership of Darby, promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, the 1st Ranger Battalion spearheaded the North African Invasion at the Port of Arzew, Algeria by a silent night landing, silenced two gun batteries and opened the way for the First Infantry Division to capture Oran. Later in Tunisia the 1st Battalion executed the first Ranger behind the lines night raid at Sened, killing a large number of defenders and taking 10 prisoners with only one Ranger killed and 10 wounded. On March 31, 1943 the 1st Ranger Battalion led General Patton's drive to capture the heights of El Guettar with a 12 mile night march across mountainous terrain, surprising the enemy positions from the rear. By dawn the Rangers swooped down on the surprised Italians, cleared the El Guettar Pass and captured two hundred prisoners. For this action the Battalion won its first Presidential Citation and Darby won his first DSC.

 

US Rangers Centre to re-open for 75th anniversary as facility temporarily closes for major refurb. Reopening Saturday 17 June

Carrickfergus’ long-standing link to the US military is to get a major boost thanks to the commencement of a project to modernise and improve the United States Rangers Museum Boneybefore, near Eden.The unique facility first opened in 1994, following a 50th anniversary event when visiting US Rangers veterans generously gave their photographs and memorabilia to create a permanent exhibition.It is adjacent to the President Andrew Jackson Cottage and is dedicated to the men who joined the first battalions of the elite American Army unit, formed at Sunnylands Camp in nearby Carrickfergus in June 1942.The Mayor of Mid and East Antrim Borough, Councillor Audrey Wales MBE said: “When complete, the facility will boast a new, visually striking set of displays that will include previously unseen artefacts, photographs and extensive film footage.“The updated museum will offer a high quality visitor experience which aims to be a fitting tribute to the men who volunteered their services to the elite fighting force the US Rangers,” she said.The US Rangers – which is part of the US Special Forces today – was set up as a ‘Commando style’ unit drawn solely from volunteers and was nicknamed ‘Darby’s Rangers’ after their dynamic leader Lieutenant Colonel William Darby.Like the British Commandos on which the unit was based, they trained in extreme conditions and went on to fight in some of the deadliest battles in Europe and became one of World War II’s most courageous and decorated units. It remains the only US military unit ever founded on foreign soil.The Museum will close on Wednesday 1 March and reopen for a public launch event on Saturday 17 June. The Andrew Jackson Cottage will remain open throughout the work.

For further details, contact Carrickfergus Museum on T: 028 9335 8241 or E: carrickfergusmuseums@midandeastantrim.gov.uk

The US Rangers Centre is Situated at the Andrew Jackson Centre Boneybefore, Carrickfergus BT38 7DG, Northern Ireland

Still under construction GI0BFO

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