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All up-to-date information about my IOTA activation, other news, literally THOUSANDS of QSL cards in my personal online QSL album (the “PA1MR QSL Gallery”) and other stuff that might interest you can be found here!

Just click on the button below for the link to my webpage;

In case you can’t use the button, just copy this line and paste it into your browser;




Thank you for looking me up on QRZ.com

I guess it’s best when I just start off by telling you about the way I exchange QSL cards, since that is in most cases the reason why someone would bother to look me up here on this page.

Therefore, firstly:


• QSL information:

This is a sample of the QSLs that I presently use to confirm my QSOs with.

There are three differents ways to exchange QSL cards with me;

Via the Dutch QSL bureau (DQB):

I prefer this way over all others, since this is the second most economical way for HAMs to exchange QSL cards and the most economical way to obtain a paper QSL; it’s therefor a great way to express “real HAM spirit”. If you wish to speed up the QSL-process via the Bureau a bit, you can send me an email to request a QSL card.

Via LoTW:

This way of “exchanging” QSL is really the most economical way of exchanging QSL. I like it because I can fill in so-called bandslots with QSOs which I haven’t confirmed by paper QSL (yet), however I do really prefer a “paper confirmation”.

Via my personal address, “CBA”:

This is my least populair way of exchanging QSL cards. Since our mail system doesn’t work for free, I need to request everyone that wishes to exchange QSL cards this way to send me a SASE (Self Addressed Stamped Envelope). Since most foreign HAMs don’t own Dutch stamps, an IRC (International Reply Coupon) is also fine. Currently post rates for sending 0-20 gram letters via Priority mail are €1.33 to both European countries and to countries outside of Europe.

And these are samples of the QSLs I, till recently, USED to confirm my QSOs with. Interested? Sorry, you're too late; I've run out ;-)


• My QSL policy for so-called “dubes”:

A dube is a multiple QSO on the same band AND mode. So working someone on 24 MHz in CW more than once is a dube, while working someone on 24 MHz in CW and on 24 MHz in SSB is not a dube.

Dubes with PA1MR:

I don’t send QSL cards for dupes when these QSOs have been made with my personal call PA1MR. Just for the first QSO on a certain band AND mode you will get a QSL card 100%. Only on rare occasions I’ll deviate from this policy; like in contests or whenever someone lets me know via email that it’s really important to receive a QSL card for whatever reason. Dubes are also not logged in my computer logbook, and therefor not uploaded to LoTW. I do write dubes in my paper logbook (most of the time anyway), so I do have all specific QSO details if needed.

Dubes with PA1MR/p, expedition calls and/or SES:

For QSOs made with OTHER calls than PA1MR I don’t mind logging dubes in my computer logbook, and ALL requested QSOs will be confirmed with a QSL card. So you’re most welcome to send QSLs for all the QSOs you’ve made, dubes or not :-)


• PA1MR/p - IOTA EU-146 Goeree-Overflakkee island:

This is a sample of the QSLs that I use to confirm all PA1MR/p QSOs with.

If you’ve made a QSO to PA1MR/p, regardless the year, you’ve worked me from the island of Goeree-Overflakkee, EU-146.

I’ve been active from this island several times, from 2005 to 2014. All activities were done with vertical- and wire antennas, with no more than 100 Watts fed by a portable generator in the open field (with no shelter). Most QSOs were made in CW.



More information about this IOTA activation can be found on my website. Please click the button "PA1MR Website" below;

In case you can’t use the button, just copy this line and paste it into your browser;


You can check here below to find out if you're in the log (or click here; ).

• Personal (HAM) history:

In April 1999 I’ve managed to pass for my Radio Technology and Requirements exam (Radiotechniek en Voorschriften I), and in December 1999 I’ve passed the morse code exam (Morsetelegrafie 12 WPM) flawlessly.

On January 20th, 2000 I finally received my paper license (the A-license, which is due to a change in legislation several years ago converted into a F-license) in the mail. Those were obviously different times back then, since everything nowadays is being done electronically via the website (although the red tape will never totally disappear I suppose).

With my newly erected antenna, a five elements monoband yagi for 28 MHz,

and my Yeasu FT-990, “barefoot” (100 Watts) only, I began chasing (& working) DX. First mostly in SSB, but not too long after I started making DX contacts in CW as well. Not by using a laptop & special software (which unfortunately the newest generation of HAMs is doing mostly, due to lack of knowledge of the morse code), but by use of my Bencher key and both ears :-)

At first QSOs were made with a simple “599 TU”, but not too long after I started making actual QSOs. The first “real” CW QSO that I’ve made (and which was at the same time a new DXCC as well), and really got my adrenaline going, was with XQ0YAF on February 3th, 2000 on 28 MHz. Imagine how nervous I felt, making a real CW QSO for the first time with hundreds of other HAMs listening in, all anxiously waiting their turn to make a QSO to Easter island. I could barely keep my hand on the key stable. After exchanging 599 both ways, which by the way truly was a real s9, XQ0YAF continued asking questions. The whole QSO must have taken at least five minutes, I’m very sure many waiting HAMs were not too happy with me and my inexperienced CW-skills to say the least ;-)

Even though I've never exchanged direct QSL cards with Henry, I did manage to receive QSL cards via the Bureau from other HAMs that were active from this beautiful island with its remarkable large stone statues (moai)

After that QSO, I’d really aquired the taste for CW QSOs, and have continued enthousiastically making CW QSOs till this day on.

Working 300 DXCCs is generally considered being a “mile-stone”, and this magical moment was established on November 3th, 2001 with ZM8CW on 28 MHz CW.

Luckely THIS excellent operator knew about the great differences in conditions between South-East- and Western European countries; he therefor called specifically for ON/G (and PA), thus a QSO on 28 MHz CW was finally in our reach!

And about six months later, on April 15th, 2002, a second mile-stone was reached; this time with VK9ML being my 300th DXCC on 28 MHz.

I was the first PA-station they'd worked on 28 MHz, according to their statistics. Pretty amazing considering the QSO was made in SSB, with a zillion howlers simultaneously calling non-stop ;-)

Back then conditions were quite well, however I still believe that these achievements can be easily done with just 100 Watts nowadays.

Amplifiers don’t make a foolish person more skilled, it just makes his foolish behaviour more noticable.

This howler (Dutch: brulaap) believes he's on top of the world..

Little does he know... In SSB pile-ups he's simply never the only ignorant kW-monkey screeming his lungs out ;-)

And if nothing else works: selfspotters have their own methods to get your attention on the DX cluster


The autumn of 2011 showed a promising start of cycle 24.

The season started off with a third mile stone being (finally) reached, which is working 300 DXCCs on just one band in CW. Since the second mile stone was reached more than 9 years ago, this surely was a great way to start the season! In this case TX7M (Marquesas) became my 300th DXCC on 28 MHz/CW. Being a true CW-enthousiast this really is a mile stone that counts for me :-)

This team really knew how to handle a pile-up! Working them with 100 Watts took me literally just a few calls :-)


All QSOs with the TX-teams were made on 28 MHz, I needed the other two QSL cards to complete the set ;-)


Even though conditions in the autumn of 2011 weren't the way conditions used to be like in the year 2000, several interesting long path QSOs were made on 28 MHz. For example DXCCs like JA, KH2, KH6, VK4, VR2, ZL etc.

This QSL card from KG6DX (KH2 - Guam island) confirmed a QSO I made in the CQWW CW Contest. His signal was a genuine 9+20 over the long path on 28 MHz/CW.


And even though the conditions weren't anything like the conditions in the autumn, the summer of 2011 still brought us much joy;

The republic of South Sudan is the world's newest country, it became the 193rd member/nation of the U.N. on July 14th 2011. And for me DXCC #331 ;-)


After such an interesting year, 2012 began as quite a disappointment!

On February 17th 2012 Malyj Vysotskij island (R1MV) was deleted from the DXCC List, and added to the Deleted Entities List. So I'm back again at DXCC #330 :-(


But fortunately 2012 ended in style;

Campbell became DXCC #331, so I'm back where I've started. Since the new total number of DXCCs is now at 340, I’m eligible for the DXCC Honor Roll. It took me almost 13 years to accomplish that. Next step: "worked all DXCCs" ;-)


And so did 2013;

The QSO was made over the long path on 28 MHz CW with very decent signals, making Wake Atoll DXCC #332. Who’d have guessed that with these poor conditions? The team really did a marvel(l)ous job, they were very much aware of (West) European conditions. Always nice to see people doing their homework! ;-)


2014: so far, so good.

Amsterdam and Saint Paul islands became DXCC #333 in January. Till now I’ve managed to work a new DXCC each year ever since I’ve received my license in 2000.  Hopefully it won’t take 7 years to complete the whole DXCC list though ;-)

These guys really rocked! S9+30 on 28 MHz CW when I’d worked them, unbelievable! Good equipment + good propagation + good DX expedition team members = worked 1st call ;-)


By working the state of Montana (the "Treasure State") on 28 MHz CW in February I’ve managed to work all 50 US states on 28 MHz CW in cycle 24. Something that I didn’t imagine being possible a few years back.

And March brought me a few new bandpoints on 28 MHz CW; JD1BHA (which was a QSO over the Long Path; here's someone that pays good attention to propagation) and VK9MT (not only a CW bandpoint on 28 MHz but also as a complete new DXCC in CW; #329).

I literally called twice, they’d just started. Fortunately I’d made it just in time before the hurricane struck, they needed to shut down earlier than they’d originally planned. Great efforts have been made by these guys :-)


2015 has started off great too, with Navassa island in February. Navassa island, a DXCC that has not been activated for over 20 years, became DXCC #334 mixed. And more importantly, it became DXCC #331 in CW, so I’m eligible for the DXCC Honor Roll CW . I guess the “winning streak” of working at least one new DXCC every year since 2000 continues still ;-)

It took them 15 years to finally gain permission! This second expedition of the KP1-5 Project was also a huge success, with 140,000 QSOs made under difficult circumstances and with a limited timetable. Thanks guys, for all the work!


And 2015 ended in a fantastic way. 4U70UN became DXCC #300 on 12m, and with that the 5th band (10, 12, 15, 17 and 20m) where I've achieved working (at least) 300 DXCCs.

Conditions between PA and New York are usually quite well this time of year, however it's absolutely not a certainty that good conditions are there. Since this activity was limited to October 24th-25th and 24 hours a day activity was not permitted from the building, I consider myself quite lucky having worked this SES!


2016 had a rather disappointing start.

Even though I've made it into the VP8STI and VP8SGI logs several times, their signals were weak. Much weaker than I'd anticipated. Only CW QSOs were made, SSB QSOs were hardly possible from my location. A really bad sign for the most important DX-expedition of the year, sceduled for March-April 2016, to Heard Island (VK0EK). A DXCC that is also located in the Antarctic region.

On top of that, the ARRL Awards Committee had voted to delete Kingman Reef (KH5K)
from the DXCC List, which became effective on March 29th. Kingman Reef has now been
added to the Deleted Entities List.

I’d worked them in 2000 on 20m CW with just a small string of wire, using 100 Watts. This kind of working equipment simply wouldn’t be sufficient anymore with today’s undisciplined CW-pileups.


Fortunately around that same time, VK0EK had become active. So I was given the chance to “make up for the loss”. Since this is the first activation of Heard Island since 1997 (this was VK0IR), the pressure was really intense to make at least one QSO. If you'd miss this one, you'll possibly have to wait another nineteen years or more!

And I made it! Under extremely poor conditions, on April Fools’ Day, this fool made it into the VK0EK log! Tremendous achievement made by the DX-expedition team! Making this (again) #334, with just five more DXCCs to go to the (adjusted) total score of #339 :-)


During the entire time Heard Island was barely readable. Nevertheless I've managed to make three CW QSOs on three different bands. That they've achieved a total score of 75,344 QSOs has demonstrated their outstanding operating skills!


And 2017 had a disappointing start too;

On March 31st 2017, the ARRL posted on their website that Midway and Kure islands are ‘now deleted DXCC entities’;

‘Midway and Kure Islands have been placed on the list of DXCC deleted entities, effective August 26, 2016. This came about as an unintended consequence of action last summer by then-President Barack Obama that expanded the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument to include the northwestern Hawaiian Islands west of Ni’ihau Island, making it the largest contiguous protected conservation area under the US flag.’


‘Neither Midway nor Kure was able to be activated without prior permission and only for a planned DXpedition. Only contacts made on August 25, 2016, or earlier will count for these two entities.’

So, this brings my total number of confirmed MIXED DXCC entities again back to #333. Since no DX-expedition has been scheduled to activate a - for me - new DXCC-entity, unfortunately this number will stand for a while.


- I guess I spoke too soon! -


On May 11th 2017 the following message was posted on the ARRL website:

 ‘On March 31, 2017, the DXCC desk announced the deletion of Midway Island and Kure Island from the DXCC entities list. The stated reason for this action was because of changes in the administration resulting from changes in Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, formerly known as the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument, of which the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge and the Battle of Midway National Memorial, the Hawaii State Seabird Sanctuary at Kure Atoll, and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands State Marine Refuge, of which they are all included.

After further review it has been found that the deletion of these two entities is not supported by the changes that were made to the relevant administrations. Therefore, the deletions from the DXCC list should not have occurred and the two entities, Midway Island KH4 and Kure Island KH7K, will return to the DXCC list as separate entities.’

So I’m back again at #334, for the second time ;-)


• Other things I like about HAM radio:

What I really like, is receiving high quality full-colour QSL cards. Professionally designed QSL cards with beautiful photos of, for instance:

White (coral) sandy beaches with crystal clear blue- or turquoise waters surrounded by coral reefs,

Or quite the opposite, like isolated cold and windy islands near the Antarctic Circle,

Tropical rainforests,

Sahara desert images,

Or the ones of Namibia,

Ancient ruins,

Beautiful old city centres (this one has been placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List),

Fascinating landscapes,

And new friends ;-)

Part of the fun of HAM radio is, of course, making contact to foreign, exotic locations. So receiving a QSL with a photo of such a location makes the QSO more interesting, more “touchable”.

In case you're interesting in seeing a few thousand more QSL cards, please check "PA1MR QSL Gallery" on my website by clicking on the button "PA1MR Website" below;

In case you can’t use the button, just copy this line and paste it into your browser;


The thing I deeply respect about HAMs that go on a DX expedition, is the great risk they sometimes take to give us "a new one"!

I seriously doubt if I would have gone off that boat. Would you have?

Or sit here all day long, with the risk of being visited by potential robbers (read their story!)


• For those visiting The Netherlands, with desires to be active on HF and 160m:

In case you’re interested in transmitting on HF and 160m in The Netherlands while you’re on holiday here, and you are a holder of a license from one of the participating CEPT- or non-CEPT countries (check CEPT recommendation T/R 61-01 and T/R 61-02), then here are (some) of the things you need to know about Dutch regulations:

There are two different license holders:

F-license holders:

F-license holders (PA-PB-PC-PE-PF-PG-PH-prefixes) are allowed to use 400 Watts PEP on 160m and all HF-bands..

Novice-license holders:

Novice-license holders (PD-prefix) are allowed to use 25 Watts PEP, and are restricted to the use of ONLY three HF-bands; 10, 20 and 40 metres. However, full use of the 20 and 40 metres band is NOT allowed. Only transmissions made between 7.050-7.100 MHz on 40m and 14.000-14.250 MHz on 20m are legal. Transmitting on other segments of the 20 and 40 metres band is absolutely 100% illegal and all QSOs made there will therefor be invalid!

So transmitting on the (unofficial) international IOTA SSB frequency 14.260 MHz is strictly forbidden for Novice-license holders. Please keep this in mind when you’re planning to be active from our Dutch IOTA groups EU-038 or EU-146!

Further info about Dutch licenses and regulations can be found here; http://www.agentschaptelecom.nl/

Have fun!

Thank you for bearing with me through all of this text ;-)

HPE CUAGN on the HF-bands,

VY 73 de PA1MR Douwe












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8196719 Last modified: 2017-07-03 12:47:59, 31588 bytes

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