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CITY VERIA

Veria is a city in Central Macedonia and the capital of Agricultural Economics. It is built at the foot of Bermio. Based on the 2011 census, the city had a population of 51150 legal residents and the new KALLIKRATI has a permanent population of about 85500. It is known for its traditional architecture in the old neighborhoods and numerous Byzantine and post-Byzantine churches. Traditional sweet dish the Revani. Its distance from Athens is 511 km and from Thessaloniki 75 km .

According to mythology, the Veria is the daughter of Oceanus and Thetis the daughter Adonidos and Venus. The city is said to have been built by the Macedonian general Ferona, who gave the town its name (the letter F at the time pronounced as in B). In the version of the Macedonian mythology city was built by King Verita, who gave the name of one of his daughters. The names of the descendants of the king was Veria , Mieza, Olganos and Orestes.

Known since classical times (Thucydides wrote about the city), Veria grew up in Hellenistic and Roman eras. In the early Hellenistic period the Veroiaioi at the command of Seleucus refounded the Syrian city Chalyvona in Veria. From Veria saved Greece from the only law school . And Edessa and Pella was the capital Macedonia . The Apostle Paul and Silas preached in Veria (remains until today the "Step of St. Paul"). Lucian in approximately 145 AC mentions the Verroian as a city of Macedonia and the Great and populous.

The greatest and most glorious era of the past of Veria, nevertheless, is during the Hellenistic period, namely during the reign of the last dynasty of Macedonian Antigonidon, the origin of which was from this city. In one version even Veria ferst time headquarters of the "Common Macedonians" had parliament, had its own currency, and became sports and games, called "Olympia" or "Alexandria" in honor of Alexander the Great.

 

On the eve of the celebration of 15 August 1864, the Christian inhabitants, according to custom, left the city and went to the Monastery of Panagia Dovras for festive celebration. The evening lit big fire that destroyed much of the city, since most houses were made of wood. According to a report priest of the Cathedral burned over 300 houses, shops and workshops in total. Also burned eight churches and the Cathedral, the Greek School and the famous library. In 1965, during the demolition stone house on the street P.Tsaldari 53, was found in the foundations properly protected note the doctor Demosthenes D. Georgakopoulos, dated 05.01.1883, which announces that manufactures stone house "to give sample stone houses in future generations, because from time to time themselves ottomans set fire to the homes of Christians for damage and grabbing things. "On fire and rescued folk song, which wrongly, perhaps for reasons of measure, indicating that the event happened in 1862.

Step of St. Paul: Historical monument of global concern and source of religious tourism for the city. Any time of year people from around the world arrive in Veria to watch closely in the footsteps of his tour of missions. The Apostle Paul taught in the city of Veria in the 1st century AC and continued his journey pleased by the warm reception of the people and their commitment to the word. In this memorial, held every year in June gala event, entitled "Pauline."

Archaeological Site St. Patapios: It was the center of ancient, but also Christian Veria, and was on the east side of main road, leading from the northern gate of the fortification wall inside the ancient city. In the ruins of buildings of the Roman period was excavated more extensive set that provides a very important insight into the organization of the city during the early Christian period. In this position revealed portions of a building complex with extensive mosaic floors, an early Christian baptistery organized in the premises earlier Roman building (probably the Nymphaeum), an early Christian basilica with its auxiliary structures, and possibly part of the city of Episkopio.

Byzantine churches Veria is known for its numerous Byzantine and post-Byzantine churches it (about 48 surviving today and 72 initially, thus entitled the small Jerusalem, and unique collections of Byzantine icons. Especially famous is the church of the Resurrection of Christ or otherwise "the Church of Christ." Other important temples are the church of St. John the Theologian (13th century), the church of the saints Kirikou and Ioulipis (16th century) and the church of Saints Peter and Paul (11th century), among other Byzantine buildings.

Vergina: A short distance from Veria is Vergina, built in geographical location of ancient Goats, in which he digs the excellent archaeologist Manolis Andronikos, where he discovered the ancient tomb of King Philip II. Interestingly, modern underground museum of Vergina with the royal tombs and artifacts from throughout the history of Macedonia.

Ottoman monuments: The old Cathedral, the Chounkiar Jassim, the Kazaktsi and Orta Mosque are some of the old churches converted into mosques by the Turks with their location in Veria (15th century). A newer mosque, dating from the mid 19th century, is the Medrese mosque, which took its name from the adjacent madrassa, the Islamic seminary.

 

Jewish Synagogue: Located in the heart of the Jewish quarter of Veria Barbuta, is the stone building of the synagogue, with ornate interiors. Behind that survives even the mikvah (religious baths), and unlike the Christian districts that had the church in the middle, in the Jewish Quarter, the Synagogue was in line with the houses. Today it is closed and only opens when Jews traveling and come to prayer. Here St. Paul preached when he visited the city in 51 and 57 AC.

Traditional districts: In the mid 19th century the city had 16 districts. Throughout the period of Ottoman rule, the shops were concentrated in the Byzantine market, the bazaar. The most famous of them surviving today is the Jewish and the Christian. Along with these, many Christian and Muslim quarters were in the urban fabric that era. Greeks, Turks, Jews and gypsies lived in neighborhoods, retaining their own customs and habits.

Barbouta is the Jewish Quarter, dating from the Roman period (50 AC) and owes its name to a tap in the area, which is still maintained today. Placed in the northwest city map, next to the River Tripotamo. Barbouta was an enclosed and isolated "ghetto" in the synagogue and the only shopping street of the season, the street hubbub. Originally serving a small Jewish community, which at the end of the 15th century AC grew with the arrival of numerous Jews from Spain and Portugal. Typical architectural elements of the neighborhood are the famous sahnisia (the projections of buildings), the overhead above the solar roof and double-leaf doors with heavy horizontal and diagonal timbers, flying studs.

Pictures of city life in the 18th century brought the Christian quarter Kyriotissa, with its narrow alleys, cobbled streets and rooftops that seem to touch. Behind the tall fences and adjacent alleys pop small stone churches. The district lists many Christian and Byzantine churches. The Kyriotissa follows the architectural style Barbuta with enclosed balconies and heavy doors. Many of the listed homes have been restored and turned into theme parks and entertainment.

Architecture: Typical examples of veroiotikis architecture found in traditional settlements and Barbouta-Kyriotissa
Stupendous view and architecture are also Hall of Veria , built around 1905. The building works for many years as high school boys until 1996 , the year that housed the town hall .
Similar aesthetic is the impressive Old Courthouse Square Clock . Excellent architecture and appearance Jewish palace. For years it has been the city court until 2013 when it moved to new premises at the city entrance . There are studies of potential housing museum in the building.
The newly built conference center of Veria combines modern architecture and innovative look. Its interior is impeccably landscaped in 2 large auditorium . There also hosted performances from around the world.
The big open theater " Melina Mercouri " placed in Grove Papagos. In theater hosted many performances and events from across the country.

Physique: The presence of green is everywhere visible in Veria, whether due to nature or to humans. The river Tripotamos crosses the western part of the city and one can walk the bridges and the riverbed. The central square of the city, Elia, rightfully named "balcony of Veria" after placed on a slope at the boundary of the center of Veria and surrounding area.



Imathia crosses Aliakmonas River, the longest river in Greece. The dam created is excellent example of natural beauty and unique spectacle for the world. During the summer, the youth of Veria out shows and concerts on its banks.

Because Vermios is a wooded mountain to many sources, the city has an advantage in having rich water resources. A distinguishing feature of Veria indeed, rarely met in other cities in Greece, are too many public taps with cold water running 24 hours 24. These are usually built with red brick and scattered in every corner of the city. The reason that the taps are not close, is the great pressure that exists within the network of water and somehow be defused to avoid damage to conductors.

All cultural events taking place in the city , under the auspices of the Public Benefit Corporation Multiple Development Veria (CEFR ) and is the official cultural policy of the municipality. Oversees the art spaces of the city, known as " Antoniadios Onassis " organized masterly innovative exhibits and events throughout the year . Furthermore under the supervision of the undertaking is the municipal library , the municipal music school , the school dance , art workshops and fanfare of the municipality. At the convention center , theatrical and musical performances from various parts of Greece and the world. Troupes of Regional Theatre of the country, the National Theatre of Northern Greece , the National Theatre , etc. who are on tour choose to present their plays at the open theater " Melina Mercouri " in Grove Papagos. The Regional Theatre Veria annually raises performances winter in Veria and summer on tour across the country. Once considered the premier Regional Theatre in Greece , but it retained its top position . The course , however , today is upward , and push more and more spectacular performances. The Public Library of Veria organizes events and workshops. Worth mentioning and got the prize in 2010 "Access to Learning 2010 " Foundation Bill & Melinda Gates as a successful model library in Greece and around the world.

Economy: The region's economy is mainly based on agriculture and specifically, besides other fruits and vegetables, production of peach - desktop and Industry. The industrial infrastructure of the area is mainly in the packaging and canning of fruit. In prepared stewed fruit species and products which have great export success mainly in Eastern Europe.

Gastronomy: The local cuisine of Veria includes dishes cooked meats, butcher, pork with celery or leek, the pans, the Sarmatians, the meatballs, which in local dialect also called "Barbour", hunting in the forests of Vermion traditional pies with hard crust stuffed with leek, cheese or herbs and salty Budge, who is a type of cheese. One of the most famous dishes of the region are fasoulotavas or fasoulontavas ie ​​baked beans and comes from the word "tava" which in Turkish means pan. Traditional sweet city is the rematch set is available in almost all bakeries Veria, but the syrupy donuts. The restaurants and tavernas are usually served after dinner as a treat.

Activities: Seli ski resort: It is just 24 km from Veria and is ideal for skiers. Located in Kato Vermion, which is one of the highest villages in Greece. It is the first organized ski center in Greece and establishments conducted in 1934 the first ski Panhellenic Games.



Aliakmona Festival: Summer festival held annually beside River dam Aliakmona the village Agia Varvara and just 5 km from the center of Veria. Organized since 2008 by the Local Youth Association of Veria every July. During the four-day festival organized concerts, sporting activities and it provides the possibility of camping. Each year participate known singers and bands and local bands. The festival attracts many visitors from all over North Greece.

 

6764990 Last modified: 2015-10-08 11:03:56, 17555 bytes

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