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Blizna - German test range for production V-2 missiles, used for 278 launches from 1943 to 1944, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude.The missile testing ground at Blizna was quickly located by the Polish resistance movement, the Armia Krajowa, thanks to reports from local farmers. Armia Krajowa field agents even managed to obtain pieces of the fired rockets by arriving on the scene before German patrols.
A number of parts collected by the Polish intelligence increased. They were then analyzed by the Polish scientists among others- professor Janusz Groszkowski (first president Polish Amateur Radio Union - PZK) and professor Franciszek Kotowski (head constructor of the Glider Workshops on the Lvov). Remember They saved London.
The Historical Park in Blizna was created in 2011, to commemorate the struggle for independence by the underground Polish Secret State and its military support- Armia Krajowa (The Home Army), the largest resistance movement in occupied Europe during World War II.

Pustkow is a small village located in the south-east of Poland. Originally, the German occupation administration had planned to build there a huge SS training camp, including shops and military installations. In order to do build a first work camp, 15 villages were evacuated by force and burned. The first prisoners arrived in 1940, most of them were jews coming from every regions of Poland. Due to the terrible conditions of life in this first camp, most of these prisoners died in the next months. The survivors were executed.

In 1941, the German forces built a camp for the russian prisoners of war. The camp had no barrack or building so the russian prisoners had to sleep on the ground without any protection. There was no food distribution and, in order to prevent any escape, the prisoners were forced to remove their uniforms. During the winter 1941-1942 (one of the rudest winter ever seen in Europe), these prisoners stayed outside, without any place to sleep and only wearing underwears. It is proved that many prisoners were eating grass or roots in order to survive. Most of these prisoners died during the winter and the survivors were executed.

In September 1942, the nazi administration built a third camp dedicated for the Polish workers. The conditions of life in this last camp were the same than in the two others. These prisoners were forced to work on the development of the rocket V2 and test range.

In the beginning of Augustus 1944, the three camps were totaly evacuated and destroyed. All the survivors were transfered to other camps. The total amount of victims of Pustkow is unknown, but there were probably more than 15.000 people killed in this place.





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World Continents Award#4136
Granted: 2015-02-15 22:04:48   (SQ8AQO)

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Grid Squared Award#3486
Granted: 2015-02-15 21:55:05   (SQ8AQO)

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