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The Story and History of K2WH

Hello, and welcome to my Amateur Radio biography. I have been an Electrical Engineer all my adult life, and have been a licensed ham since 1971.  I was familiar with impedance, resistance, inductance, capacitance and radio communications when I entered high school. That is why I credit amateur radio for steering me to electrical engineering as a life long profession working in power generation, transmission, protection and bulk power delivery.  I retired in June of 2015 from my engineering job.

My original call was WA2AEH.  I started out as a technician with code in 1971 and stayed at that level for at about 30 years enjoying the weak signal VHF/UHF characterisitcs of VHF which is really my first love of radio but,  I upgraded to General in 2000.  After a taste of HF, I decided to upgrade to Extra and changed my call to K2WH since WA2AEH was a too long and a disadvantage in working DX.  My QTH location is on 1200 foot mountain called Bearfort Mountain in Hewitt NJ.  I hold licenses for VP2V/K2WH, British Virgin Islands and K2WH/C6, Bahamas.

When on the air, I use many different modes but I primarily use voice (SSB) and the digital modes such as JT65, JT9, RTTY and just started trying my hand at being a Ping Jockey using MSK144 and the outrageous and most excellent mode FT8.   I do not use CW.  Generally I work or use all bands from 160m up through 70cm.  I have also done some mountain topping on 2 meters with home brew broomstick beams and a little ICOM 202 SSB rig in the White Mountain of New Hampshire.  Besides my use of 160 to 6 meters for DX, I also use 2 meters and 70 centimeters FM on repeaters serving the NNJ area with a little SSB on 2 meters using my old ICOM 202, 3 watter.

My HF antenna: I use a simple 80 meter wire dipole up about 50 feet fed with 450 ohm ladder line via a 5kw 4:1 balun for all HF communications and sometimes, 6 Meters.  The dipole is in the shape of an inverted U.  The balun is fed with a short run of RG-8u coax cable from my Palstar HF-Auto tuner.  Most of the time I only use 100 watts output, but when conditions are poor, I switch on my Ameritron AL-800H amp for legal limit power of 1,500 watts.  Makes a big difference.

My VHF/UHF antennas: I have 3 antennas for VHF/UHF.  A 9 element 2 meter beam for long hauls, and for routine or local VHF and UHF communications, a Comet CX-333 tri-band vertical for 2, 220 and 440 mhz.  The CX-333 is fed by a single coax line from an Austin Triplexer which has 3 inputs.  I can switch to the 9 element 2 meter beam when needed to bring in repeaters the CX-333 has difficulty with.

My Rigs: I have had many rigs over the past 40+ years but presently, my HF rigs are the Yaesu FTdx3000, the ICOM 756pro, a Swan 700cx.  For VHF/UHF, I use a Yaesu FTM-400XD for FM and APRS.  I am currently looking at acquiring a Yaesu FT-991A.

Other Stuff: I am also an avid Hallicrafters Radio collector and user and have a Yahoo site with over 1,000 members at:  http://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/HallicraftersRadios/info.  Finally, I am a long time member of the S.W.O.T. organization, (Sidewinders on Two), # 579 and long time member of the S.M.I.R.K. organization, (Six Meter international Radio Klub), # 1660.  I recently became a member of the Digital Modes Club # 07718 and I am a member of the NJDXA, The International DX Association and other organization.  I am also a contributor to The Northern California DX Foundation.  See further down for additional information on my associations.

DX calls: VP2V/K2WH & K2WH/C6A

 My exact home QTH GPS location is: -74.401769 E / 41.1514794 N.

I prefer LOTW but accept QSL cards direct or via the bureau, No Eqsl

I Upload to LOTW Frequently


Please Note: The U.S. does not honor IRC's and they are not redeemable in the USA


Updated information on my March 2017 VP2V/K2WH operation.

See http://www.qrz.com/lookup/vp2v/k2wh


....Projects and Happenings Past and Present ....

"Antenna Construction"

An 80 Meter 1/4 Wave Vertical

On the home front, here is a home brew 80 Meter Vertical built about 15 years go. 70 feet tall with 52 on the ground radials attached to a copper plate at the base of the antenna.  This is the antenna used to complete my 80 meter WAS and WAC certificates posted below.

A 6 Meter Ground Plane

I had some aluminum 3/8" hollow rod, an aluminum plate 6" x 6" and had an idea to make a 6 meter quarter wave vertical since I didn't have any real antenna to work 6 meters.  This project took about 2 days to complete.  I had most of the materials and tools to do the job and it came out real nice.  The plate was bent at the corners using a rubber mallet and a bench vise.  The vertical element is a cut down CB 102" stainless steel whip.  Measured SWR on 50.125 Mhz is 1.2:1



A 6 Meter Turnstile

Since the 6  meter ground plane antenna worked so well as a vertical for repeaters, I decided to canabalize it and use the radials as elements in a 6 meter turnstile antenna which is a horizontally polarized antenna for real DX on SSB, MSK144 and digital modes.  So, below are pictures of the progress so far as of 08/2017 in building this antenna.

                        My Design Idea                                           Starting out with a 3/4" block of Acrylic                         Marked for drilling locations


                       Special Bit for Acrylic Drilling                  Drilled and Ready for Final Assembly                          My friend Kurt Holding the Antenna


           Elements Inserted into Center Insulator       Fully Assembled Antenna Mounted on Insulator               Raised into a Test Position



Simple 2 meter and 70 Centimeter Ground Planes

I also home brewed some simple 1/4  wave vertical antennas for 144 mhz and 440 mhz.  Made out of brass stock, pipe caps, brass balls (for the element ends) and silver solder for the elements.  I mounted both of them on a wooden pole, one above the other.  I used these for years until I bought a tri-band vertical CX-333 antenna.  I gave them away to a new ham.  They worked very well, simple to make.

2 Meter Beam Repair and Testing

I have a 2 meter by M2 antennas and last year it started to indicate a problem, an intermittent very bad SWR reading.  On days of = > 25F, the SWR was terrible.  On days with temperatues below that, the SWR was great.  So, I had to take it down.  Obviously, it was a thermal issue.

I thought the problem was probably a loose set screw or corrosion with the "T" match but I was wrong.  Testing the "T" match and inspecting elements to no avail, I came to the conclusion the antenna was fine, there had to be a problem with the coax.  In my initial installation I used a short coax jumper that connected to the antenna connector and ran down the vertical wooden mast to the rotator area.  At the end of this jumper I had installed a barrel connector which mated to the final run of coax to the house.  Opening that connection, I found corrosion had setup on the center pin of the coax jumper and that was my intermittent.  Apparently making contact on and off with the temperature changes.  I cleaned up the connection and reconnected.  Tested everything on the ground with a perfect SWR around 146 Mhz.  On all connections, I used heat shrink tubing to keep the water out and used Locktite on all set screws.  Below are pictures of the repair, installation and testing.



"Equipment Construction and Experimentation"

An Amplifier Keyline Switchbox for Multiple Rigs

Since I use multiple rigs, I needed a way to select which rig would key the amplifier and also have as an option, where none of the rigs would key the amplifier with an "Off" switch.  Previous to this simple project, I would just move the keying cable to the back of a different rig.  That got old real fast.  Hence the simple keying box with a 2 pole 5 position rotary switch with LED's added for looks.  Power is conveniently provided by a 12vdc port on the back of my AL-800H amplifier.  The other 4 RCA jacks are for the various key lines from various rigs.  I know, the LED's are not exactly positioned correctly.  But it works.


A 900 Mhz (33cm) Repeater

A homebrew 900 Mhz Repeater built using parts from various sources.  These pictures show various stages of the repeater.  All 19" rack panels were hand made, drilled, filed and cut.  Power output was ~ 175 watts at 927.400 mhz.  Although it worked well, there was very little usage of the repeater so it was taken off the air and sold some time ago.

The surplus CDMA power amplifier used in the above repeater had to be modified to eliminate and bypass the circulators which had a cutof frequency of 904 Mhz because this amp would run at 927 Mhz.   With the circulators in circuit, the output of this amp was about 100 watts.  Bypassing the circulators was accomplished by removing the internal magnet assembly and installing coax jumpers; soldered to the same circuit pads on the board.  Bypassing resulted in around 175 watts output with about 10 watts drive.  Higher power output was not possible because the rest of the circuit is optimized for frequencies below 904 Mhz and those components could not be changed.  Additional modifications was the removal of the original power and RF combination connector (DB-40?) and was replaced with 5-way binding posts for power (28vdc) and "N" connectors for the RF in and out.  No transistor bias circuits were changed.  The amp was eventually engineered into a 19" rack mount with 3 cooling fans (See Images).

Converting a Swan VX-2 to a VX-4

Removing the Keying Relay and Replacing it with a Transistor

The Swan VX-2 is a small vox unit (box) that plugs into the auxillary socket on the back of various Swan rigs like the 300, 500 and 700cx.  My VX-2 was giving me a problem and needed some repair work.  Upon opening it up and comparing my VX-2 to the 1971 schematic; they were different.  All the Swan vox units, the VX-1 and VX-2 used a small electro-mechanical relay to key the rig, except the VX-4.  My VX-2 did not have a usual relay but a transistor was keying the rig.  No doubt a previous owner had made the modification.  It is apparently a homebrew version of a VX-4 in a VX-2 case because the potentiometers are not recessed like a true VX-4 (see picture).

In the Swan compendium, there is mention of a VX-4 that was ALL solid state and it had recessed controls.  Since the only thing not solid state in the VX-1 and VX-2 was the relay, this vox unit I have, has to be similar in circuit design to the VX-4. The modification works but there is NO documentation.

So, I analyzed the circuit, traced the foil paths, modified the original schematic and took images of the board for future reference.  The keying transistor is the black molded one above the blue capacitor in the last picture.  It is a type 2SA806 PNP and is mounted on a (1) lug terminal strip.  I then cleaned up the original VX-2 schematic in MS Paint, replaced (5) old existing electrolytic caps on the PC board with new and used MS Paint to make the changes on the VX-2 schematic and dubbed it a VX-4.

                        The VX-2                                                    The VX-4 (Courtesy N2ZZ)          The Original Schematic with Keying Relay                   The  Revised Schematic with Transistor                          


     The Keying Transistor is Above the Capacitor                         Transistors Identified on board, Q6 is the keying transistor                  The 3 controls, Anti-Vox, Vox Delay and Vox Gain


Examination and Analysis of The ICOM BC-20 Charger Unit

The ICOM bookshelf rigs known as the IC-502-, IC-202, IC-215, IC-402 etc, are handheld 3 watt rigs.  The IC-215 was a channelized, crystallized FM rig, the others were SSB for 6 meter, 2 meters and 440 cm.  I've had all excep the 402 which is pretty rare to find out there on the market.  In order to maintain their ability for portable operation, these rigs relied on battery power.  Originally, they came with Sanyo NiCad batteries type N-900c which have not been available for perhaps 20 years and were an oddball size.  Users therefore had to switch to regular "C" size batteries, a total of 9 were required or users jury rig some other size or style of NiCads into the rig  for portable operation.  The rigs came with a small internal charger unit known as the BC-20 for the Sanyo NiCads.  It resided internally in and unused battery bay when using the N-900C NiCads.  So, when the rig was powered externally on 12vdc power, it charged the NiCads.

Since the N-900C NiCads are no longer available, the charger became obsolete. But, these BC-20's are still around (I have 3 of them), and are fairly useless since the original NiCads are no longer available.  Some of the problems with the BC-20 were the lack of information including component identification and a clear schematic.  So, I worked on one of the boards, ID'd all the components, and cleaned up and made readable a very hard to read schematic (from ICOM records) and ID stamped all the components on the board.

So for historical records, the results are below.




Modification of the Ameritron AL-800H

Modifying the Cooling and Control System

This is an old amplifier and still works very well for the past 15 years, but I have tired of the blower noise.  In an attempt to limit the noise, I originally placed the amplifier far down the operation desk to minimize the noise.  However what this did was force me to go to the other side of the operating table to turn it on and off, switch it to "Operate" and/or switch it to "Operate" if it shut down from too much grid current. 

So, following an article written by Bob Hutchinson, N5CNN, I decided to install his very simple blower circuit modification.  The modification is very simple in design.  It consists of the placement of a temperature sensor switch in the tube compartment, directly in the exhaust air stream of one of the tubes.  See the 3rd image.  In that image you can see the thermal snap switch just above the chimney. 

Bob's circuit simply drops the 120vac using a rheostat to lower voltage when the tubes are not being stressed dissipating lots of heat.  I couldn't find the right size rheostat so I used an adjustable 200 ohm,15 watt resistor (see images).  Upon using the amp, transmitting at high levels for extended periods, the thermostat switch will activate due to the high temperature, shorting and bypassing the resistor and the blower motor comes up to full speed.  When the air stream through the tube anodes cools, the thermo switch opens and the motor slows down, along with the noise.  The modification supplies about 6cfm to the tubes when idle, enough of a safety margin. 

Measuring the Anode temperature with an Infrared laser thermometer, in idle, low speed fan, the anodes stay cool at 75F.  When the anodes reach 110F during  transmit, the fan goes into high speed holding the anode temperature at 135F at 500 watt output level CW.  When the anodes cool, the fan goes back to low speed at 100F and downward to 75F.

While this noise reduction modification works FB, I still had to go to the end of the operating table to turn it on and off or reset after grid overdrive and operate the bandswitch and the plate and load controls.

So, another modification I designed and implemented was adding a 4 pin connector to the back of the amp as can be seen in the images using a 3/4" square hole punch.  This connector when connected to a remote operator, allows me to turn the amp On and Off, reset the amp after a grid overload and switch the amp into the "Operate" or "Standby" mode.  The connector wiring simply parallels the existing wiring of the front panel switches.  Currently, this remote control box with 2 toggle switches is located at the operator position with the other end plugged into the connector on the back of the amp.

So, the blower modification made the amp alot quieter and by keeping the amp at the end of the operating desk and using the remote operator, has made using the amp that much more pleasant.  I still have to adjust the band switch and plate and load controls; oh well.

The last modification I made was replacement of the burned out meter lights with bright white LED's which in the 2nd picture are being tested with clip leads.  They burned out some time ago.


    The AL-800H Amplfier prior to Modifications             Amp, Tubes Pulled, Meter Lamp LED's Being Tested       Tube Compartment  Installed Temperature Switch


      3/4" Hole Punch Ready to Make the Hole                       Rear View of Hole Punch Location                                   3/4" Square Hole


                      Socket Installed                                                      Rearview of Socket                               Pendant Plug wired and Installed              


      Rear of Connector Wired With Insulation Applied


               Amplifier Remote Control Box                               Remote Control Pendant Wired                     Completed Remote Control Pendant












My HF Mobile Installation

Some years ago, I owned a old jeep and obtained a ICOM 706mkiig rig and decided to try HF mobile for a while.  Was lots of fun, but it does get tiring after a few years having all the antennas on the car and the poor propagation but over those years, I was able to work the world while driving.  I used hamsticks and an AH-4 tuner hidden in the side wall hatch back area although I found a 102" stainless steel CB whip worked better than the hamsticks.  This is probably because the AH-4 is for a random wire antenna tuner which basically using the 102" whip simulates.  Here are some installation pictures of my days of HF mobile work.  It worked very well, Austalia best DX from the car !

            On the beach in Southampton NY                                 Antenna Mounted on side Fender                                       Control head mounted on dash


             Tuner Location behind that wall                                           Tuner Hidden in side wall                                                       Completed Project



220 & 440 Mhz Coaxial Amplifiers


There was a time in the mid to late 70's I was into building VHF and UHF amplifiers.  My most successful types were of the coaxial design.  The last image is an old Polaroid and is the only image I have left of my 220 Mhz coaxial amplifier.  The amplifier in the picture was placed in repeater service and ran for years.  Power output was about 250 watts from a single forced air cooled 4CX250R Eimac Tube.  The tank circuit was made from heavy brass plumbing pipe.  Using a coaxial design, I built a few of amps of this design for the 440 mhz band also using the same type tubeThe other 3 pictures are of the 440mhz version coaxial tank, just different parts and dimensional values.  Very easy to make especially if you know someone with a lathe or fabrication abilities.

The power supply for the amps was also homebrew using an old utility CPT or control power transformer for the plate voltage.  Screen voltages were regulated for SSB work.  All the coaxial amps were primarily used in class "C" operation; FM.  I also built a few strip line power amplifiers for 2 meters that worked well for years.  Unfortunately, I do  not have any of these amplifiers anymore, sold them but I am currently building a new amp for 2 meters using a single 4CX400 Russian tube in a strip line circuit.  Hope to get it on the air in the near future with somewhere in the range of 600 watts output.  See below

A 2 Meter 600 Watt StripLine Design Amplifier

That 2 meter amplifier project referenced above is in the works and its progress is depicted below.  This is a stripline design amplifier that appeared in the 1973 Handbook and used a 4CX250 Eimac tube.  Many years ago, I built 2 of these but they have been relegated to the dustbin of history but they worked great.  But, now in my old age, I decided to build one more only this time, using a Russian 4CX400, seeking more power output.  Comparing the specs of the 250 vs. the 400 tubes, I believe there is enough overhead in the grid, plate and load controls to compensate for tube difference which are minor.  Besides, if it does not work with the 4CX400, it uses the same tube socket as the 4CX250 and therefore, it would be an easy change to go with the 4CX250.  Check out the pictures of the amplifier under construction as of May of 2017.

            Amplifier With Top Cover in Place                          Side View of Amp with Blower and Top Cover                    Plate Strip Line and Output Loading Cap          Plate Strip Line with 4CX400 in socket

             Grid Line with Tuning Cap & Inductor                     4CX400 with Tube Chimney in Special Socket                     Socket, Plate Cap and Tube                                  Top Cover with Screened Exhaust Port


         Rear View, Blower, Coax "N" Connectors and HV Connector


Repair and Restoration Projects

Ameco TX-62's

Licensed in 1971 as a technician class licensee with code, my first transmitter was a 6, 2 and 1.25 meter AM rig known as the Ameco TX-62 and the matching VFO-621.  An AM  & CW transmitter with about 20 watts output.  I used it for many years (1970's) until AM went out of favor and most equipment went to SSB and FM repeaters.


Kenwood Radio (TS-520's & TS-820s)

I have also restored and or repaired a number of Kenwood TS-520's and TS-820s tranceivers.  In the rigs I worked on, most of the problems I found with the digital displays was traced to the main tuning capacitor in the VFO compartment.  The copper wiper end bearing gets dirt and/or corrosion on it making contact intermittent and a flickering frequency display.  I am currently the proud and lucky owner of a new NIB TS-820s and new matching VFO-820.

2 Meter KDK FM Mobile Rig

Probably my very first 2 meter FM rig was a KDK mobile rig.  This belongs in the wayback machine.  It was one of the first digital compact FM rigs that didn't use crystals for channels, was fully programmable, 15 watts output, digital display, one internally adjustable PL tone and 8 memory channels.  Yes, 8 memory channels and if you wanted to change PL tones, you had to pull the cover and turn a board pot.  I really like the look and feel of these rigs.  All metal, real knobs and guess what, real toggle switches and get this, a "Discrimator Meter".  You don't see that anymore.

I had 10 of these intending to repair them but most were total basket cases; except this one.  Everything worked on this one except no audio output and checking the circuit I found the audio output chip bad (visible in the lower left of the last picture, burn mark).  I bought a replacement chip off Ebay for about $ 1.00 and am eagerly waiting to fix this rig and get it working (2017).  This will be a fairly complex project as all the board interconnections are hardwired, soldered to vertical posts very similar to the old wirewrap techniques.  Except the wires are soldered to the tops of each pin, not wrapped.  You can see these connections in the photos.  Needless to say, I took many pictures of the board I need to remove so I know where these wires reconnect after I replace the chip.

Other modifications I will be doing, include the installation of a current state of the art PL board.  I will disable the internal PL circuit since it is very unstable and not suitable for todays repeaters.  In addition, I also replaced the NiCad memory battery and now the rig maintains the memory channels.


"Equipment Collections and Station Configurations"

Some of the Many Hallicrafters Radios I Have Owned and Repaired




My Station(s) and Equipment in Various Configurations Over Many Years







My Youtube Technical AdvisoryVideos







































Awards, Memberships, Certificates and Organizational Support


               Contributor to the ARRL Endowment                            Northern California                    A member of the ARRL                 Contributor to the ARRL Education

                            and Education Program                                 DX Association Contributor                  Legacy Circle                                  and Technology Program

                          Old Timers Club Certificate                             Digital Modes Club Certificate                                   30 Meter Digital Modes Group Certificate                          

                GB50 Golden Jubilee Award                               13 Colonies Special Event Award (2015)                               

                                                                                           with WM3PEN and GB13COL Endorsement                              AO150 Platinum Award

                                                                                                               The Pope's Visit to the NYC and Philadelphia       2015 IARU Award for Working 10 or More

              10th Anniversary of Hurricane Katrina Award                          Metro Areas Award                                                Member State IARU Stations     


                    2015 Fire Prevention Week Clean Sweep                         13 Colonies Special Event Award (2016)                   Member of the Radio Club of America                    

                                                                                                                 with WM3PEN and GB13COL Endorsement   


                   Worked all Continents Award (WAC)                        Worked all  States Award (WAS)                         DX Century Club Award 100 Countries

                                    75 Meters                                                               75 Meters                                                         With 150 Country Endorsement


My QRZ Awards


My Supported Member Organizations


  http://www.njdxa.org/    http://www.ncdxf.org/    http://indexa.org/    http://www.radioclubofamerica.org    http://www.arrl.org    http://www.smirk.org/    http://www.swotrc.net/TheSWOTRCHP.aspx


And Finally, Some Other Stuff

The New York Hamptons

The wife and I used to have a small summer cabin in the Hamptons in Long Island NY.  We would go there every year and of course I had my 706mkiig in the car and I would also bring my FT-847 to our cabin with a portable 2 meter beam and work back into NYC area repeaters a distance of about 100 miles.  With good VHF conditions, it worked.  BTW, that is the Great Peconic Bay out to the Atlantic Ocean in the distance between the north and south shore of Long Island, NY salt water for HF.

Here I am working mobile DX on the beach in Southampton, NY. from the mobile.

Some other Pictures of Interest







J79 Territory

A few years back, we visited the island of Dominica, relaxing, hiking in the forest and driving around the island.


Sailing in VP2V Land Aboard the "Magic Carpet"

I have been going sailing in the BVI or British Virgin Islands as VP2V/K2WH for a few years now.  Here I am at the wheel of the Magic Carpet a 50 foot catamaran, sailing to Norman Island, Lots of fun and i've lost alot of weight since then.



Sadly, SV Magic Carpet was lost during Hurricane Irma in 2017,

a good boat and she will be missed

Various QSL Cards I have Issued over 46 years


JT-65 and FT-8 Digital Modes, the Low Power, Small Antenna Station Equalizer

On September 23rd 2012, and as an avid JT-65, JT-9 and now an FT-8 user, the screen shot below shows the best DX I could ever possibly work, especially on 160 Meters; Australia !   In this contact, I was using JT-65 with a 75 meter dipole and 20 watts at the time. While the screenshot is not very clear, the signal under the red bar is VK3WHO's and the QSL card confirmation received for that contact.  The JT modes, have given the typical modest station the capabilities and advantages of better equipped stations on HF especially on 160 meters where high power, CW, Beverage and or directional receiving antennas are usually a requirement to make this kind of long haul contact.

                                      On 09/14/2017, I did it again only this time using FT-8, Another VK on 160 Meters, VK3XQ .......                                                                                                My first ever MSK144 Contact on 6 Meters


 Logos of Ham Radio Products I own or have owned                      Writeup in June 2016 QST



If you wish to join a great Hallicrafters Vintage Radio Group














I also have a group

dedicated to the vintage ICOM Bookshelf rigs known as the IC-202, 402, 502 and the 215














I recently started a historical archive of off the air sound recordings I made over the past 17 years.  The site is on Yahoo

Groups.  All the sound files (100's of em) were recorded digitally as heard and worked from my station from year 2000 to

present time, 17 years of recordings so far and adding to them over time.  Your voice/signal may even be on there !



        73, Bill K2WH


8649351 Last modified: 2018-02-14 00:37:46, 111067 bytes

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DX World Award#4286
Granted: 2016-08-07 12:30:03   (K2WH)

United States Counties Award#3880
Granted: 2016-08-07 12:28:02   (K2WH)

  • 100 Counties Mixed
Grid Squared Award#12446
Granted: 2016-05-28 19:49:52   (K2WH)

World Continents Award#13796
Granted: 2016-05-28 19:20:02   (K2WH)

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